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Talk of the Times: Touring the rich history of Cape Ann – Gloucester Daily Times

Posted: February 6, 2021 at 6:55 pm


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The Cape Ann Museum will be hosting three outdoor walking tours throughout the month of February.

"During a time of continued concerns about the spread of COVID-19, the one-and-half hour tours offer participants a safe and engaging way to learn about the rich history of Cape Ann" Ashley Elias, for the Museum, said.

The tours will explore the life and careers of artists Edward Hopper and Fitz Henry Lane in Gloucester and the evolution of religious and spiritual life on Cape Ann.

Saturday, Feb. 13 at 1 p.m.: A guided tour through the Lane Gallery to the Lane House

Saturday, Feb. 20 at 1 p.m.:The evolution of spiritual communities walking tour

Saturday, Feb. 27 at 1 p.m.:"Hopper's Houses" Walking Tour

Each tour is led by a knowledgeable Museum docent who will guide participants along a route through the city focusing on the chosen topic.

Tours are held rain or shine and participants are required to wear face masks. Cost, which includes museum admission, is $10 for CAM members and $20 for non-member.

Register at capeannmuseum.org/events.

A leafy welcome

Backyard Growers haswelcomed Jessica (Jess) Reid to take on the role of program coordinator as they seek to connect peopleand communities through access to healthy food.

"We are elated to welcome Jess to the team at Backyard Growers," said Program Director Corrine Lippie. "She is a dynamic new addition with deep food systems and farming experience. As we grow the Backyard Growers team, we will also be able to deepen our work and impact in the community."

Reid is a Massachusetts native who has worked on agricultural projects everywhere from Vermont to Madagascar. She graduated from Saint Michaels College after studying anthropology with a focus on farming and food systems. Looking to pursue work that combined these interests, she joined the Peace Corps as an Agriculture Extension Agent in Madagascar in 2018.

After two years working abroad, Reid will manage Backyard Growers' garden sites, which includes nine community and partner gardens and nine school garden sites from preschool through high school. She will develop and deliver trainings, workshops and outreach to support a diverse service population of children, seniors, and families as they grow their own food through the organizations community and backyard garden programs.

Working with Lippie, she will also build upon a strong foundation of existing programs and expand the organization's capacity to connect low- to moderate-income individuals and families through new initiatives.

Backyard Growers was founded by Executive Director Lara Lepionka in 2010. Now based at 3 Duncan St. in downtown Gloucester, the organization manages vegetable gardens in all Gloucester Public Schools and connects students from pre-K through high school to experiences that help them shape healthy behaviors. Backyard Growers has also built 400 raised garden beds across Gloucester, providing the resources and training for low- to moderate-income children, families, and seniors to grow their own food.

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Talk of the Times: Touring the rich history of Cape Ann - Gloucester Daily Times

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February 6th, 2021 at 6:55 pm

What Fighting-Type Pokemon Are You, Based On Your Zodiac? – GameRant

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There are all kinds of different Fighting-type Pokemon out there. See which one of these are you based on your zodiac sign.

Since Generation I, Fighting-type Pokmon have been some of the best offensive team members in any Trainer's arsenal. With theirpowerfulmoves and strong personalities, their energy and vigor lifts the team's spirits as well as aiding in battle.

RELATED: 10 Underrated Psychic Pokemon (That Are Actually Very Strong)

While Fighting-types may seem bold, energetic, and feisty across the board, the category actually encompasses a widerange of Pokmon personalities. Though they all tend to focus on striking down opponents with physical strength, their styles andtemperaments vary widely.To explore that variety, here'sa guide to which Fighting-type Pokmon best exemplifies each of the twelve signs on the Zodiac.

Fierce and aggressive, Mankey shares several traits with the sign of the ram. Prone to ragesfor no reason, its quick temper is reminiscent of Aries' powerfulenergy. Nobody wants to get on an Aries' bad side, just like no Pokmon wants to be on the receiving end of a Mankey's rage.

Yet for all their vigor, Aries often flames out quickly. Similarly, Mankey returns to a sweet, docile nature once their anger dies down. However, when it's time to fight, neither Aries nor Mankey will ever hold back.

Like the sign of the bull, this Generation III Pokmon is something of a gentle giant. Despite their immense fighting power, this Pokmon is kind-natured and practices etiquette and respect towards its opponents.

Similar to Tauruses, theyare patient and persistent, never giving up no matter how many times they lose in battle. Family-oriented nature is another Taurus quality that Hariyama shares. They love to help others, and often dedicate their later years to training their prior evolution, Makuhita.

Kind and helpful on construction sites, yet fearsome in battle, Machoke exemplifies the dual nature of a Gemini. Its two sides are equally valuable to its trainers, as itsphysical prowesscomes in handy in every scenario.

Like this sign, Machoke is a jack of all trades,using its strength wherever and however it is needed most. With its adaptability, endless energy, and friendly nature, Machoke's Gemini qualities display themselves at every turn. Similarly, its power can lead it to be unpredictable, like the sign of the twin.

Passimian live in troops about 20-30 members strong, whose mutual survival depends on each other. Because of this, they are loyal and protective towards their troop members, similar to the family-oriented nature of Cancers.

RELATED: The 15 Best Shiny Pokemon In Sword and Shield, Ranked

The sign of the crab thrives onunity and teamwork. Sincethey are known asthe Teamwork Pokmon, Passimian is an excellent fit. Cancers are also a creative sign, and Passimian is creative in its fighting tactics. Troops confuse and blind opponents before damaging them, working inharmony to take down foes.

As the sign of the lion, Leos are fierce and protective. Scrafty's personality is built on these traits:They have no patience for those who challenge their territory or hurtmembers of their group. They don't allow themselves to be ignored, just like any Leo.

Justas Leos thrive in groups, Scrafty live in large packs, the leader of which protects the rest from threats. Both Scrafty and those under the Leo sign can come across as rude or arrogant. However, they are protective of their loved ones.

This legendary Pokmon from the Isle of Armor expansiondisplays the same diligent nature as a Virgo. It trains tirelessly to hone its body and mind, persistent even after defeat. Similarly, Virgos set high standards for themselves and do not rest in their quest to achieve them.

Kubfu is said to act as a guide to those traveling through the mountains, displaying a Virgo's desire to help others. Additionally, Virgos love to expand their mindsjust like Kubfu, who evolvesby reading scrolls and gaining the knowledge within.

When Tyrogue's attack and defense are equal at level 20, it evolves into Hitmontop. Thus, balancea key aspect of the Libra signis central to Hitmontop's existence. This doesn't just apply to its philosophy, but on a literal level as well. Hitmontop isusuallydepicted balancing on its pointed head, spinning like a top.

Additionally, Libras value beauty and style. Hitmontop's Pokdex entries describe its twirling kicks aselegant and graceful. Its battle style is a perfect balance of offense and defense, which embodies the Libra spirit.

This sign is especially perceptive and observant; it noticesthings others do not. As the Aura Pokmon, Lucario shares this quality, able to read the energy of people and Pokmon in a way no one else can. Like Scorpios, it is deep and complex, due to its keen awareness of others' emotions.

RELATED:10 Pokmon Fan Theories That Will Creep You Out

Scorpiosoften close themselves off, opening up to a few people.Lucario is similarly reserved, and Trainers must work hard to gain its trust. However, once they do, this Pokmon will form an incredible bond with them.

Sagittarians areinquisitiveand like to expand their minds. Clobbopus' Pokdex entries describe it as curious, with a love of exploration. It also displays this sign's enthusiasm: Clobbopus' favorite way to investigate is to punch things with its tentacles.

This signcan occasionally be reckless and rebellious. Clobbopussharethis knack for getting into trouble, but like Sagittarius, they can easily wriggle their way out of it. Detaching a waving tentacle as a decoy, Clobbopus gleefully escapes predators and lives to explore another day.

The sign of the goat tends towards an air of class and traditional refinement.They are honest and loyal, often with a serious disposition. A master of swordsmanship and chivalric courtesy, Gallade embodies these characteristicsand ideals.

Gallade further displaysCapricorntraits through its intensely protective attitude towards its trainer. True to its honorable warrior image, this Pokmon is keenly aware whenever others need help, and does not hesitate to rush to their aid. This is another trait of Capricorn nature,since they value honor above all else.

Aquarians are original and inventive, and like to think outside the box. True to this idea, Mienshao is an innovative fighter, using the hair on its arms as whips. Its attacks are unique, fast, unstoppable, and disorientingnot to mention its bizarre battle cry. Taken together, Mienshao often lives up to the unpredictable nature of Aquarius.

Also like this sign, Mienshaocherishes the company of its closest friends. Just as Aquarians value teamwork, this Pokmon is happiest when training alongside its Trainer.

Intuitive, sensitive Pisces is the most spiritual sign of the Zodiac. Because of this, it has a lot in common with Medicham, whoboastsgreat spiritual power and energy. Like Lucario, it can sense auras, which calls to mind the sign of the fish's incredible intuition.

Itincreasesits physical prowess through rigorous spiritual training, demonstrating a connection to the metaphysicalthat is equally important to Pisces. Furthermore,this signis often artistic, which Medicham echoes with its graceful and dance-like movements in battle.

NEXT: Pokmon: All The Gimmick Mechanics, Ranked

Next Bloodborne: 10 Best Skill Weapons, Ranked

Demaris Oxman is a reader, writer, and gamer from Juneau, Alaska. While studying linguistics at McGill University, she wrote for student publications covering music, theater, film, and various pop culture. She now puts her love of games to good use as a list writer for Game Rant. Always a fantasy nerd, Demaris has a particular love for games in that genre, and spends her free time writing epic and grimdark fantasy.

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What Fighting-Type Pokemon Are You, Based On Your Zodiac? - GameRant

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February 6th, 2021 at 6:55 pm

Upcoming PC games for 2021: the biggest PC games coming this year – Rock Paper Shotgun

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PC players have a lot to look forward to in 2021. Whether that's sequels to beloved games, or new entries into long-running franchises, there's plenty to keep you busy throughout the year. Given that many of last year's games were delayed into 2021, this year will be slightly different than usual. We're likely to see many games announced and released this year, so don't worry that the upcoming slate looks a little bare right now. Plenty of big releases like Halo Infinite and Far Cry 6 don't have specific dates yet, so we'll give you an idea as to when they're likely to come out.

As the year goes on, and as games are announced, we'll be sure to keep this page updated. Because of this, we recommend checking back in to see what PC games are coming out in 2021, so you can plan out what you're going to play this year. Look forward to open-world shooting with Halo Infinite, medieval multiplayer in Chivalry 2, as well as plenty of indie goodness in Back 4 Blood and It Takes Two.

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If you're a PC player, there's a great selection of games to enjoy in 2021. For a quick overview, we've listed the biggest upcoming PC games this year, with a little info on each one. Let's take a look:

The World of Assassination trilogy concludes with Hitman 3, taking Agent 47 to new locations like Dartmoor, Dubai and Berlin. Given that you can import their levels and progression from the last two games, Hitman 3 should have plenty to do, even after you've blasted through the main story.

The devs behind Blair Witch and Layers of Fear return with The Medium. It's a supernatural thriller which looks to raise the bar in terms of graphics and loading times. We don't know much about it, which is probably best for a horror game such as this.

Nioh 2 finally makes its way to PC on February 5, 2021. Expect tough-as-nails boss fights, gorgeous visuals and plenty of screaming into a pillow.

Mass Effect fans rejoice! We're finally getting updated versions of the original Mass Effect Trilogy. We don't have much to go on yet, but expect updated visuals for all three games. Here's hoping Andromeda gets some love eventually too.

Prince of Persia The Sands of Time is back, baby! There's a full remake on the way, great news for fans of the original game. What we've seen so far has been a little disheartening, so let's hope Ubisoft pull it out of the bag in the end.

Outriders is an upcoming co-op looter shooter. It's being developed by People Can Fly, a studio that encompasses talent from ex-Ubisoft projects. Expect big guns and plenty of shiny loot.

PC players finally get the chance to play Nier Replicant this year, with the snappily titled NieR: Replicant ver.1.22474487139. It's a sprucing up of the 2010 RPG, with re-recorded voice acting and new content. We don't know exactly what to expect yet, but given the original was locked to PS3, Steam players will no doubt be into this new version.

Deathloop is the latest action RPG from Arkane Studios. It looks to add a time loop mechanic to assassination attempts, all with a splash of 70s style over the top. It looks like a lot of fun, and we reckon it's fine to trust Arkane studios by now.

Wow, have there really been 5 mainline Far Cry games already? Far Cry 6 looks set to feature everything we've come to expect from the series including unstable political settings, plenty of fire, and a really scary dictator villain. This time, The Mandalorian's Giancarlo Esposito is the big baddie, so expect long, hard stares and maybe even a lightsaber or two, I don't know.

We haven't had a LEGO Star Wars game for a while, and even though it seems like it's arriving a little late, the upcoming Skywalker Saga looks like a lot of fun. It spans the sequel trilogy, from The Force Awakens to The Rise of Skywalker, so you'll bet to play through awesome scenes like Rey's training, porgs and that bit where Snoke is wearing a tiny golden silk robe.

Rider's Republic was announced late last year and looks to be an evolution of the freeroam alpine sports game Steep. The difference here is that the snow and skis have been replaced with rocky hills and mountain bikes.

The devs behind The Evil Within are kicking off a new IP called Ghostwire Tokyo this year. Ghosts have invaded Tokyo and it's up to you to take them down. It looks a bit like Ghostbusters, but horrifically spooky and if Bill Murray had used his hands, fists and telekinetic abilities to rid the city of ghouls and ghosts.

Halo Infinite was supposed to come out late last year, alongside the new consoles. Unfortunately, the brief demo that was shown off seriously underwhelmed, to the point where microsoft ended up kicking the game back into 2021. We have no idea when it'll launch, only that there's some serious retooling being done. Let's hope the game ends up being all the better for it.

Bloodlines 2 has surely got to be the most anticipated PC game this year, so hopefully it finally releases. What we've seen so far has been promising, looking to expand the rich world and RPG systems of the original, while keeping some of that rough and ready jank that fans of the series love.

After a long time without a Batman game, we're finally getting a new one in the form of co-op brawler Gotham Knights. Basically, Batman is dead and the city is falling to the array of crime families hiding in Gotham. It's up to Nightwing, Robin, Red Hood and Bat Girl to keep things from getting out of control.

I for one don't really care if the name is different, Back 4 Blood is a new Left4Dead game and I'm all here for it. You'll team up with friends and beat zombies to death, all while hoping there's not some kind of super zombie waiting around the corner for you. You know the drill.

I'd imagine you've seen footage of Resident Evil Village by now, or at the very least seen everyone swooning over the tall vampire lady antagonist, Lady Dimitrescu. Resident Evil 8 has some serious Resi 4 vibes, and serves as a sequel to 7. There's werewolves and strange troll creatures, as well as a new and somehow even more beefy version of Chris Redfield. What's not to love!

Now that we've taken a look at the biggest releases for 2021, it's time to list the full release schedule for the year ahead. We'll break things down month by month, and keep this page updated as new info is released. Be sure to bookmark this page!

The final piece in IO Interactives Hitman trilogy arrived this year. Hitman 3 ended up being pretty darn great. You can read our review here.

A brand new season of Apex Legends launches in Feb, adding a new character and map. Then there's Little Nightmares 2, and the Persona spinoff Persona 5: Strikers.

March has plenty to keep you busy. There's the upcoming remake of Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time, a new Puyo Puyo Tetris, and Evil Genius 2, which looks excellent.

April is another stacked month, with Outriders and a brand new Guilty Gear. There's also the remake of Nier: Replicant, as well as a lot of awesome indies.

Biomutant and Resident Evil Village arrive in May. There's also the matter of the Mass Effect Remaster, which is sure to please a ton of gamers, including Imogen and Alice B on our team.

June brings a major update to The Elder Scrolls Online, as well as a spiritual successor to Left4Dead. Plenty to sink your teeth into then.

As we move further into the year and towards July, things start to get a little more sparse. There's still plenty of great looking indies to check out however. You can find them listed below:

There are plenty of games coming in 2021 that have yet to have their release dates nailed down. These include Halo Infinite, Ghostwire Tokyo, and many more.

So there you have it, the games to look forward to playing in 2021. With video games being what they are, some of these games are likely to move in release schedules, so we'll be sure to keep this page updated with the latest info.

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February 6th, 2021 at 6:55 pm

New B Ed Session starts – The Tribune India

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Jalandhar: Innocent Hearts College of Education initiated the new BEd session with Saraswati Vandana and online orientation session imparting the message that spirituality and excellence go hand in hand. Saraswati Vandana was organised to seek blessings of the Almighty and to welcome newcomers with serene positive vibrations. Puja was performed devotedly by the executive director (colleges) Bowry Memorial Educational and Medical Trust Aradhana Bowry, Principal Dr Arjinder Singh and other faculty members with religious zeal and devoutness. This was followed by an online orientation programme in which the new entrants were acquainted with the rules, regulations and curriculum of the programme. Principal Dr Arjinder Singh hosted the virtual meet and addressed the newcomers. Assistant professor Tarunjyoti Kaur discussed the scheme of study, co-curricular and NSS activities organised in the college during the whole BEd session.

Fashion show winners

Lyallpur Khalsa College students won the first position in the fashion show event in the Colours 2021 organised at CT Institute Maqsudan. This information was shared by the college Principal Dr Gurpinder Singh Samra on Monday who informed that the winning team had students Ashmeen Bains, Mandeep Maan, Japjee and Pallavi Bhardwaj. Dr Samra congratulated the winning team and its in-charges Dr Ajitpal Singh and Prof Shefali Taneja and deputy dean Dr Palwinder Singh on this achievement.

Disaster management session held

To help the students respond to the disaster situations, a demonstration on firefighting techniques was held by Department of Fire Brigade at Hans Raj Mahila Maha Vidyalaya. Principal Dr Ajay Sareen accorded a warm welcome and presented a planter to Rajender, the facilitator for the demo. In her address Principal Dr Ajay Sareen focussed on the need to be prepared for the worst situations. She told that such sessions help to put theory into practice and make the students aware of the techniques to protect themselves as well as others around, thus ensuring safety for all. Rajender informed the students and faculty members about different types of fires and fire extinguishers. He showed the students how to use the extinguishing cylinders and demonstrated the use of water pipes of fire brigade vehicles. The students learnt went through a practical discourse. Rajender also talked about the responsibility of citizens to help the department and inform them at 101 in case of any fire. The students learnt the use of extinguishing fire and were equipped to use this knowledge whenever required. Dr Anjana Bhatia hosted the event and thanked the department for the demonstration.

Webinar on tree talk

Kanya Maha Vidyalaya organised a two-day webinar series. The series was organised by the PG Department of Botany. More than 250 students participated with full zeal and enthusiasm. The speaker for the first day was Dr Rajiv Angrish from Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. He delivered his lecture on the topic Tree talk in the Wood Wide Web. He explained about the various plant communications involving metabolites, molecules, volatile organic compounds and electrical impulses between plants and a host of other organisms. On the second day, he delivered a lecture on the topic Plants, Agriculture and Humans: Past, Present and Future. He divided his talk into five major parts to discuss the evolution of humans along with the domestication of crops and animals. He narrated the story behind the development and evolution of modern day grains by citing examples of wheat and maize. He also made students aware about the future prospects in the fields of biology, botany, biotechnology and use of modern day technologies in the agriculture like drones, sensors etc. The queries of students were also entertained in the queries session.

FDP on apparel design

Professor Lalit Kumar Awasthi, director NIT, Jalandhar, inaugurated the online Faculty Development Programme on apparel design sponsored by ATAL (AICTE Training and Learning Academy) from February 1 to 9 organised by the Department of Textile Technology. Dr Vinay Midha and Dr AK Choudhary, the coordinators for the course said that there will be 14 sessions on different aspects of apparel design, including design softwares, sewing machines and sewing threads, fabric defects, pattern making, marking spreading, laying and cutting and the latest in the industry ie RFID technology. The eminent experts from different institutions of the country like IIT Delhi, NIFT Kangra, FDDCI Mohali and NIT Jalandhar will be deliberating on the different technological developments in the field. The FDP has received an overwhelming response from the participants across different institutions of the country working in different areas of textile technology, fashion and apparel industry and 140 participants, including faculty and research scholars of different institutions of textile technology, fashion, apparel and home science, have registered for the programme on Monday. Professor LK Awasthi appreciated the efforts of the department and AICTE ATAL Scheme in supporting the role of NITs to provide training to faculty and students of the other institutions of the country. TNS

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New B Ed Session starts - The Tribune India

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February 6th, 2021 at 6:55 pm

Erwin Schrödinger – The Mystic Vision

Posted: February 2, 2021 at 4:22 pm


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February 2nd, 2021 at 4:22 pm

Majora’s Mask 20th Anniversary: Changing The Future – The Young Folks

Posted: October 24, 2020 at 4:54 am


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Prelude The Legend of Zelda Majoras Mask Nintendo

In replaying Majoras Mask for its 20th anniversary, I wanted to make this retrospective into something more than just Hey, Zelda fans, remember this game that we talk about all the time? Its 20 years old now! In doing so, I was trying to find new subtexts, and reasons to continue picking it apart, quickly realizing that this particular Zelda title has reflected so much of what the players want to see in it over the years, but not very often considered the people behind the games code. Weve spent years dissecting its themes, but we often forget how it may reflect its two lead directors: Eiji Aonuma and Yoshiaki Koizumi. For the countless articles on Majoras Mask out there that dig into its motifs, story beats, characters, color pallets, and remake changes, there is a deep, human connection to the player coming from this game more than any other first-party Nintendo title. When we consider this games directors, we see their ambitions to try something new and having the courage to make it weird. As a result, this piece has taken the form of observing their influences on the final product and seeing how their drive for staying creative made one of the most ambitious and experimental action RPGs of its era, and where it got them today.

Firstly, I think its important to address the work of the late Satoru Iwata, the iconic president of Nintendo with a heart of gold who tragically passed in 2015. He was a man far ahead of his time, but in my research for this piece, I have developed a new layer of love for his timeless Iwata Asks interviews. For a company as elusive and secretive as Nintendo, Iwata was always trying to pull the curtain back to let fans in on their conversations. If you didnt follow them as they were being published in the early 2010s, I hope you seek them out to read about your favorite games, because I believe they create a beautiful capsule of the legacy in these last 20 years of Nintendo. I think itd be nice to know the people who make the games we love a little better, and see how pieces of their souls find their way into this software that we connect with, especially in something as inherently spiritual as Zelda. So thats what this article is about, and it wouldnt exist the way it does if not for the incredible depth of resources at DidYouKnowGaming. Their work of archiving articles and interviews across the internet on beloved games in an accessible way for people to start making their own findings is an immeasurable resource in an era where retaining media literacy is an important thing to retain in gaming culture.

The flow of time is always cruel Its speed seems different for each person, but no one can change it A thing that doesnt change with time is a memory of younger days

Humans are infinitely obsessed with time. Obsessed with optimizing it, remembering it, and tracking how much of it weve lost. Looking back and forward, our minds become lost in a spiral of what has become or what could be, whilst our bodies stay grafted to the present. Some spend most of their lives in this hypnotic state. Time is the only thing truly out of a persons control. Even if our emotional states, proficiencies, and relationships cause our experience of it to ebb and flow, time marches on despite us.

This is the curse of having a childhood with The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time at your side. The Nintendo 64 gave players one of the most revolutionary experiences in a 3D video game, and echoes of its final product can still be seen in almost every 3D action RPG today. Ocarina of Time is still lauded by many as the greatest game of all time. The semantics of this could be argued for its blueprinting the direction of the industry, its ubiquitous fantasy adventure, or our rose-tinted glasses, but its shadow is undoubtedly large. When Eiji Aonuma was asked to make a follow up to one of the most successful games of the 1990s, maybe ever, he gambled away his time to get it done in order to stoke the fires of creativity. At the time, a direct sequel to a Zelda game was unheard of, but he and the Zelda team were brave enough to give it a try, albeit with pressure to turn some quick extra profit with the success of Ocarina.

From a fans perspective, its easy to lose sight of the fact that the greatest enjoyment of Majoras Mask comes from experiencing Ocarinas legendary adventure first. Its jarring nature is made only more complex when gameplay, visuals, songs, and details are stripped from Ocarinas legend and distorted into something completely new. Majoras Mask, compared to its predecessor, was born of a need for simplicity, efficiency, and strong time management. When discussing the original game upon the release of 2015s The Legend of Zelda Majoras Mask 3D, a remake for the Nintendo 3DS, Aonuma considered Majoras original version a literal challenge to returning and devoted players, especially in regards to the lack of tutorials for the basics of platforming, puzzles, and combat, thrusting players into the new scenario.

Iwata: We never worked on a remake for Majoras Mask until now, so we did go in thinking that the reactions would be somewhat positive. But to be honest, the reactions we received were much stronger than we had anticipated. Why do you think that was the case?

Aonuma: I think thats because Majoras Mask is the kind of game that presents players with a challenge.

Iwata: What? Its a challenge to our customers? (laughs)

Aonuma: When we talked about The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time in a previous Iwata Asks, we talked about hospitality but Majoras Mask isnt like that. Its all a challenge to our players. Its like were saying to them can you clear this?

Iwata: It shifted from hospitality to a challenge.

Aonuma: It was something like until then you were welcomed with open arms being invited to come in, and now youre being told at the door to go home if you dont have what it takes! (laughs)

Iwata: That might be true. When I played the game when it came out, it was like the game itself was screaming out to me, questioning me whether I had the dedication to play forward.

Aonuma: Thats because we didnt put in any kind of elements where we show people how to play this game. The game was made for those who have played Ocarina of Time, so I felt like there wasnt a need for step-by-step instructions.

Iwata: It was like clear it if you can.

Aonuma: So those who have played it still strongly remember how the game felt like it was a challenge

Iwata Asks Majoras Mask 3D 2. From Hospitality to a Challenge 2015

For the folks who never played Ocarina of Time, Link was a child in the land of Hyrule, blessed with great purpose and guided by a fairy to help Princess Zelda save the kingdom from the lord of evil by collecting spiritual relics and taking a weapon that would transport him seven years into the future to conquer Ganon. When his long coming of age tale was completed, Zelda played one last song on the Ocarina of Time to send Link back to his past so he could regain his lost childhood. However, he would live this life cursed with the consciousness of an adult war hero. His companion fairy Navi, a symbol of that youth he carried with him, leaves in the final shots of the game.

Majoras Mask dares to ask what happens after this. What happens when a child suddenly thrown into being a time-traveling hero of the goddesses and is thrust back into his old life? Links path in this game sees him resisting that flow, as he searches for Navi across unknown worlds to recapture the friend who was alongside him as he literally and emotionally grew up. Its deep in the woods where he is attacked by Skull Kid wearing the evil Majoras Mask, after which his horse, his strength, and his weapons are stolen, and he is cursed into a childish Deku Scrub. When Link explores the world of Termina on the other side of the woods, he encounters a town preparing for a Carnival of Time, and a foreboding apocalyptic moon hanging overhead that will collide with the earth in three days. There is a distinct contrast to his heroics in Ocarina when addressed by inhabitants of Clock Town, as though he is a kid with no understanding of how dire the state of the world is. When Link regains his human form, the very song Zelda used to send him back to his past becomes the games primary mechanic to save and reset the clock to 72 hours before the moon crashes down. These townspeople, most of whom are familiar faces from his past journey in Hyrule, begin their routine once again, none the wiser. Their set paths are reset and, save for the masks that Link collects as mementos of new friendships, there is no evidence that Link had ever helped them.

Just like much of the games music, townsfolk, collectibles, and items, even the masks originated from Ocarina of Time, but much like all the other things carried over, their purpose and power are distorted into something strange. With them followed the Happy Mask Salesman: a foolish yet foreboding harbinger who begs Link to complete his quest in recovering the haunted Majoras Mask. Aonuma has addressed the masks being carried over from Ocarina to Majora and evolving as a natural necessity with their limitations.

Aonuma: As a basis of Zelda games, youre able to use items to do all sorts of different things, and we felt it would be a lot of fun if Link would acquire all these abilities by putting on these different masks. We felt that would expand the gameplay. So we made the game so Link could transform into Deku Link to fly in the air, Goron Link to roll across the land, and Zora Link so that he could swim underwater. We also gave each of them a storyline.

Iwata Asks Majoras Mask 3D 2. From Hospitality to a Challenge 2015

Whenever there is a meeting, a parting is sure to follow. However, that parting need not last forever Whether a parting be forever or merely for a short time That is up to you.

Three of the games masks are essential transformation totems. Through them, Link embodies the forms of characters who have gone beyond the land of the living. He takes on the form of the Deku Butlers Son, the Gorons war hero Darmani and the Zora bands lead guitarist Mikau. All three stories filled with themes of regret for what they havent been able to do for the people they care about, and on their graves are instructions, leaving behind simple tutorials for players to control their forms through gameplay. Reminiscing the development of Ocarina of Time after spending even more time as a producer on the two games remakes than their original Nintendo 64 versions, Aonuma notes regrets of his own as a designer:

Aonuma: there was a sense of unfulfillment among the staff, where a lot of us wanted to do things differently with certain elements from Ocarina of Time, and also wanting to do things they werent able to before. If we gathered all new staff to work on it, it would have been impossible to make it in only one year.

Iwata: You were fueled by your regrets of what you made but werent able to fully use to fruition. Because you were fueled by it, you were able to put on a bunch of new ideas on top of the Three-Days System and they all fit together nicely. Thats why you were able to make something with so much content in only a year.

Aonuma: I suppose so. AlsoI was younger back then.

Iwata Asks Majoras Mask 3D 2. From Hospitality to a Challenge 2015

People have spent years deconstructing the themes of Majoras story content, but its purpose was to make a new Zelda adventure using all the years of hard work from creating the journey before. While Zelda is known for its many dungeons, Majora only has four. However, the side quests and mini-dungeons before and after them are so complex and rich with character and atmosphere, and all with a distinct style of level design of their own that made exceptional use of 3D space, that their relationship with the temples in Ocarina feels like an evolutionary one. Additionally, the scenarios in Clown Town and its surrounding regions feel like dungeon gauntlets of their own, despite mostly being fetch quests. Combined with four temples that make a step beyond A Link to the Past with a Z-axis, and creative use of the space to build a weaving complexity to their labyrinthian layouts, this title would give Zelda its greatest content density yet. While it didnt sell like its predecessor, it made the most of what the Nintendo 64 was capable of, and has become a cult classic ever since; the black sheep of the Zelda franchise.

When asked about it while consulting the 3DS remake of Majoras Mask, Zeldas director and producer Eiji Aonuma treated the game from 2000 as a frightful memory from much younger days. When giving the remaster team, Grezzo, notes on the work to be done, he would remark on his past choices.

At the time, I think there was something wrong with me I knew I didnt want to open the lid from the get-go, and it turned out that my instincts were correct.

Iwata Asks Majoras Mask 3D 3. The What In The World List

This is typical of a creative mind looking back at work over a decade old, and yet, its easy to forget the circumstances under which The Legend of Zelda: Majoras Mask was created, and its a miracle that the game exists as it does. Naturally, a player can see the rough edges from such a limited production time in some of the games choices, such as backtracking, repeated tasks for different scenarios, and egregiously using the same Wizrobe mini-boss four times throughout the game. If anything, these faults should make it clear how incredible it is that the best things in the game were made under such limiting circumstances.

It was the terrifying first step Aonuma and his peers would make to use Shigeru Miyamotos baby to transform it into something of their own with it. Twenty years later, that risk of sticking to their instincts still holds for fans and has seen wild success in both their careers in the years following the moody little Zelda sequel.

In 2020, we take for granted that video games evoke themes beyond the routine of players reflexively tapping buttons. Once upon a time, it was a marvel to simply see 3-D games like Super Mario 64. So many things that weve come to take for granted in modern video games had been established rapidly over a small amount of time in the late 1990s. When games took their first steps into 3-D, they were at first mere expansions on the design fundamentals of 2-D games with an added axis. It was games like Carmack and Romeros Doom and Miyamotos experimenting with the Super FX chip and StarFox on SNES that would lay the groundwork for 3-D perspectives as a fundamental component of traversing labyrinthian level design and combat navigation well before the Nintendo 64 and the PlayStation ever hit the market. This is essential to clarify because its often easy to forget how revolutionary it felt to play The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, Eiji Aonumas first project under a directorial position.

When compared to modern action-adventure RPGs, Ocarina hasnt aged the greatest. However, the first 3-D Zelda adventure brought with it a substantial upgrade to the world and dungeon layouts blueprinted by A Link to The Past in 1991. Ocarina of Time provided just as many rich and densely populated open spaces to explore as it did tight corridors with obstacles. Although the dungeons often reflected ALttPs map layout, awareness puzzles, switch and block puzzles, and similarly moving enemy varieties, exploring all these components on a Z-axis brought new life to their usefulness. Combined with this depth was a mechanic just for navigating combat in these new spaces, Z Targeting, what we now fundamentally understand as a lock-on system. It was used for battle engagement, turning the slashing your sword into a rhythmic bout with enemies, an idea brought on board by Super Mario 64s Assistant Director, Yoshiaki Koizumi. He revealed in a 2011 Iwata Asks interview that the concept came one summer from seeing a circular battle choreography in a ninja and samurai showdown at Toei Kyoto Studio Park. This ended up setting the standard for the majority of action-based gameplay to this day and demonstrated the innovative skills of Koizumi and Nintendos staff as they began reworking their franchises and wild new ideas into 3-D.

I was a designer, so I didnt want to use such a simple marker. I wanted to make something else, so I came up with a fairy. After all, it was The Legend of Zelda.

Yoshiaki Koizumi, 2011 Iwata Asks 4 Where The Name Navi Comes From

The sometimes overlooked Master Quest expansion disc for the Nintendo 64DD was released as a GameCube port for Wind Waker pre-orders in the west and was an important stepping stone following the explosive success of Ocarina of Time. With that release came a completely redesigned dungeon layout to provide more of a puzzling and combative challenge; an immense paradigm shift for players who knew the games dungeon layout. Master Quest often asks players to rethink how to solve puzzles entirely, using all the same room layouts and item acquisitions but with a higher density of foes, alternate paths, and unique physics not often asked of people in the base game. Eiji Aonuma, who had his first directorial experience alongside Miyamoto on Ocarina of Time, wanted to force the series staple to evolve.

The Master Quest expansion paved the way for Zelda Teams next task. Fans often recall the story of Ocarina of Time Second Quest, or Zelda Gaiden, and how that turned into an entirely new game in Majora based on an argument between series pioneer Shigeru Miyamoto and Aonuma, who would be tasked with directing alone this time around. For years, even Iwata didnt know of this origin story, but this infamous gamble of a deadline to make an entirely new Zelda title would work its way into the games core mechanic and shaped how iterative game design would be seen forever: The game would be a standalone release, using the assets, engine and audiovisual leftover from Ocarina, and they had one year to do it.

The Nintendo 64 marked the beginning of the company no longer having complete domination over the industry as Sega was still in the race, Sony was about to launch its hotly anticipated PlayStation 2, and Microsoft was entering the ring to release the Xbox. This second Zelda for the Nintendo 64 had a lot riding on it now that Ocarina had placed Zelda firmly as a top priority for Nintendo, and as Satoru Iwata was moving up the ranks to the role of president, Miyamoto would also be taking a step back directly designing games for the first time in his beloved fantasy franchise. Aonuma and Koizumi had a lot of pressure on them but shared enough experience between themselves and the rest of the Zelda Team to get Majora completed on time. The task would force Aonuma to work closely with the team he already had on the previous title to get the work done efficiently, but that still carried great weight, even in his dreams.

Aonuma: I had a dream about it.

Iwata: What kind of a dream was it?

Aonuma: It was a dream about being chased by a Deku.

Iwata: Oh, a dream where you were being chased around? (laughs)

Aonuma: I was thinking about an event for the Deku, and have been trying to figure out what to do with it. I thought of it at home, and Dekus appeared in my dream. I woke up screaming! I went to work the next day and thats when (Takumi) Kawagoe-san [Cinematics Designer] told me that he finished making a movie for the Dekus, so I had him show it to me.and that movie was exactly like my dream!

Iwata: (laughs)

Aonuma: I even told him how do you know my dream? (laughs) Thats how put up against the edge I was back then.

Iwata: Perhaps you were possessed by something.

Aonuma: Possibly.

Iwata Asks Majoras Mask 3D 2. From Hospitality to a Challenge

Aonuma, who was new to video games when hired by Nintendo in the late 1980s had researched different genres and found himself engaging with text-based adventures and puzzle games early in his career. So it came as no surprise that his work on Ocarina under Myamotos direction would result in some of the most story-driven games to date, and the most iconic RPG dungeons in gaming history, particularly and perhaps most notoriously, the Water Temple. Therefore, while Master Quest is a fascinating experiment, it made sense that he would want to stretch the boundaries of what they could do with Zelda. Thankfully, after a plea for help, Aonuma found a co-director in Yoshiaki Koizumi, the story architect of A Link to the Past, Assistant Director on Super Mario 64, and one of those innovators of Z-Targeting in Ocarina. This pairing was pivotal because these two creators were operating in a wildly uncertain era of Nintendos history, and the sands of time were shifting around them when the industry and the company were changing.

Aonuma: Even when I was making The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, I was still designing different kinds of demo movies and was working on the fieldwork at the end. In the next work, The Legend of Zelda: Majoras Mask, I was going to be in charge of designing the dungeons, but somehow, I became the director. I felt anxious about being the only director, so I called in Yoshiaki Koizumi, who was the 3D director for Ocarina When I asked him to join us, he said, Id go only if you let me do whatever I want to do. And the result was the Three-Day System.

Talk: Latest Zelda’s making process & “Ocarina of Time” proposal disclosed[Nintendo Eiji Aonuma x SQEX Jin Fujisawa]

The unique design and directing styles of these two creators would come to fruition during Majoras production; Aonumas efforts and passions would result in four of the franchises most puzzling and thematically unique dungeons to date for the series. Koizumi, on the other hand, focused on the design of the layout, characters, and quests inside of Clock Town: the hub at the center of the games map. These innovations came after coming up with the mechanic to build a restrictive time loop as a core function of the game; an idea that came to him after seeing the film Run Lola Run from 1998, and spun from his attempt at building a Cops and Robbers concept with interweaving schedule mechanics. This became the Three-Day Cycle, along with tracking the people of Termina in the Bombers Notebook, would take the puzzle fundamentals of Zeldas dungeons, and inject them into conversational text quests which weaved simultaneously with the games larger narrative.

Do you want to play with me? OK, lets play good guys against bad guys Ill be the good guy, and you be the bad guy, and when youre the bad guy, you just run.

Time loops worked to Aonuma and Koizumis advantage when making Majora in such a small amount of time. Game designers program spaces with selectively few characters, music, weather conditions, paths, and dialogue, in a way that is limiting what the player can experience while keeping those limits invisible to the player. Majoras Mask manages to use those limitations to its advantage. While Terminas map was significantly smaller than Ocarinas Hyrule, its regions would have a variety of states depending on when the player arrives or if its in a poisoned or restored state. Additionally, the characters behaviors change based on their schedule. The result is a lived-in quality for a lean, richly populated environment, incentivizing players to do every side quest they can manage to reap the rewards in the form of masks, tools, and pieces of heart.

The game functions uniquely by having characters with a finite routine, and are expected to do so as the players experience the same three days over and over again in their task to stop Skull Kid from crashing the moon down upon them. On the first day, people mind their own business about town. On the second day, they begin to grow dreadful, angry, and divided as the moon lurches closer to the earth. On the third day, people flee, hide, become fearful, regretful, or mourning events that had no savior. Unless Link interferes in time, they meet their demise and the clock resets.

Thanks to his Ocarina, Link has the power to turn back time in the game, but it comes at a cost. Majoras Mask, whether intentionally or accidentally, deconstructs the heroism of Link. He begins the game clinging to his past after hes been through hell and back to defeat Ganon, searching for his childhood companion, Navi. He instead meets a fairy who is the opposite of her in Tattle, who is brash, stubborn, and a little nihilistic. However, their goals are similar as she is separated from her dear brother Tale. Stripped of his humanity and locked in a strange nexus of the universe, Link is surrounded by familiar circumstances, faces, and goals, but all with a nightmarish quality cycling itself in a veil of dream logic.

With only three days to save everyone from a brutal end and a garish moon constantly threatening to obliterate the world, Link is forced to run around doing errands and getting to know characters in Clock Town and Termina. Sometimes the tasks are big, like restoring a poisoned swamp or saving a mountain from an eternal winter, but others are as simple as reuniting a married couple, listening to a long story, or passing on a dancers dream to a new generation. Link is a conduit for the people who are suffering a loss or are close to death and regretting things in their lives. Even if he needs to reset the clock and restore everyone to their miserable state on the first day, he carries totems signifying their memory in the form of collectible masks.

By reusing characters, items, music, and sounds, with a purposefully restrictive mechanic, Majoras Mask shows a dense complexity with a meaningful, thematic purpose to every side quest, and many of them come with interlinked consequences over the three days. As a result, the themes of selfless heroism and grief routinely find a way of growing beyond what the characters say, and change is made out of what the player does to catalyze the characters routine. As a result, the people you see on screen become more than NPCs and are suddenly characters playing their role in the story, and the items you collect suddenly have more meaning.

A key example of this is best demonstrated in a secondary character, a young red-haired woman named Anju. When you meet her in Ocarina of Time, she stands beside a chicken pen in a small village and asks you to gather her Cuccos for her. When you return the chickens, she gifts you a bottle, and then thats it, her role is fulfilled.

When you meet her doppelganger in Majoras Mask, however, she is the clerk of a hotel. She is worried about her fiance who has gone missing three days before their wedding and Link can follow her, discovering her relationship with her mother and other patrons and is sometimes rewarded for doing so. Alternatively, Link can knowingly manipulate events he knows will happen to learn more about her, and when he does, the routines of many people will be disrupted as a result. This weaving complexity combines both the charming writing and puzzle-solving of Aonumas designs and Koizumis unconventional event design into a marriage of sorts. The Anji and Kafei quest in particular ends as they reunite at the eleventh hour while the moon falls and gift a mask to Link as their witness in matrimony. Aonuma once recalled them having particular anxiety over a Taepodong missile crisis coming from North Korea:

Aonuma: We were attending a wedding of a staff member and were talking with Koizumi and the others: Come to think of it, its somewhat strange to come to a wedding in a situation when missiles may fall down today. The discussion progressed into noting how it would also fit the setting of a falling moon and whether to do a wedding in the game. Now that I think of it, no matter where we go, we always talk about work (laughs). However, I didnt mind it at the time!

via NintendoEverything

Aonuma would reminisce much later in an interview on Majoras Mask as his favorite game in the franchise, in large part due to his love for the Couples Mask quest alone.

The scene was based on my generations perception of marriage but was meant to be solved at the end to make the players feel dramatic. So the waiting process was put in intentionally. We dragged [it out] till the very end.

Denfaminicogamer

Game designers often strive for players empathizing with main characters and NPCs are the afterthought, and yet Majoras Masks secondary characters drive the heart of the story tangential to Links quest. The rewards resulting from these specially crafted diversions come in the form of 25 collectible masks. These quests can be introspective personal problems or monstrous external threats, and yet they all have emotional weight. Link can make a very distinct impact on most of the townsfolks lives, at least to the best of his ability. A player feels the same pressure of the clock as Link, and make the conscious choice of hitting reset themselves. Many over the years have attempted to save every character before the moon crashes by strategizing tasks and optimizing time. Of course, its not possible by design. No one is perfect, we cant predict the future, and the flow of time is unrelenting. Even though many of the masks have only a couple of use cases in gameplay, they are often pivotal to changing the fate of another character, with Link as the conduit. It is a tone that resonates with the humanity in the players, but often overlooked is its clashing and emulsifying of tones and ideas, as demonstrated in this interview between Aonuma, Koizumi, and Miyamoto in 2012:

Aonuma: To put it simply, I was responsible for the fairy-tale sections, and Koizumi was responsible for creating realistic depictions of the lives of the townspeople. I tried to emulate the fantasy atmosphere we had in Ocarina of Time

Koizumi: And I created realistic lives for the characters.

Aonuma: You could say that Koizumi slapped his worldview on the whole thing. [Laughs]

Koizumi: I put in everything Ive seen in my 30-something years on this earth.

Miyamoto: Its a very serious game. [Laughs]

Koizumi: Aonuma was in charge of the outdoors, and when he saw how serious my town was, he made his areas of the game more light-hearted.

Glitterberri 2012 Zelda is Always Bringing Something New To the Table

Of course, Aonuma and Koizumi were simply keeping their heads down and grinding their way to the finish line, unable to know that their efforts would see them as the lead directors of Nintendos two biggest franchises in the years to come, and as Majoras Mask was the platform they first stepped upon to prove themselves, seeds of this game could be seen throughout Nintendos library of first-party titles even to this day.

The two would work together on the controversial The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker on the GameCube, achieving a timeless cel-shaded look that puts aging, sensitive fans on the defense as the franchise leaned a little more appealing to children. Koizumi would take his wild ideas and give us a water jetpack in Super Mario Sunshine, repurpose the DK Bongos into an action platformer with Donkey Kong Jungle Beat, and has constantly reinvented Super Mario with installments like Galaxy, 3-D Land, and Odyssey, all with the wild level design density and unique mechanical upending that hes demonstrated throughout his career at Nintendo, few more iconic than the Three Day Cycle in Majoras Mask.

Aonuma, following the release of Majoras Mask, would continue being the producer at the head of the Zelda ship, and while he would leave his love for puzzles and text-based adventures scattered throughout, what he loves in the series often clashed with the status of other popular video games like oil and water. On the eve of the Switch and Breath of the Wild launching, an interview with Gameinformer asked him to name his favorite three games in the series. Ocarina, for the chance to build in 3-D, Twilight Princess to supersede Ocarina, and controversially names Phantom Hourglass and Tri Force Heroes for new styles of gameplay, and his wifes enjoyment of them.

His design fundamentals come from a place of building, and it comes as no surprise that his love for making games comes from a desire to upend convention, always looking to reinvent what a Zelda game is at every chance he gets. When he first started playing games, he didnt even care for the original Zelda all that much because he found he was bad at fast, twitchy combat. Naturally, under his supervision, combat became more of a puzzle-solving scenario.

But it is in Breath of the Wild that his desire to reinvent Zelda met with the needs of its audience, as the most successful game in the series to date, and also the one he had the most fun producing:

Ive been making Zelda titles for almost my entire career, and the memories start to pile up. I start to forget things, but I think one thing Ive always been proud of is the fact that Zelda games have always been about new surprises and thinking about different things to try, yet still maintain that Zeldaness, or whatever it is.

Breath of the Wild, it was really fun to develop maybe the most fun Ive ever had making a game. It was because of the staff. They took so much initiative and were always looking at everything in the game with this eye to improve I could see it every day. As a producer, it gave me a lot of courage

via NintendoEverything

For Aonuma, his continued work and the way he speaks demonstrates that no matter how big The Legend of Zelda gets, hes always looking to change it, and always keeps it very personally close to his heart.

It is because Aonuma and Koizumi stayed true to their passion for directing that Majoras Mask is the way it is, and seeing the game that way makes it feel even more alive than it did before. The success and life long fans created of this game speak to people because it was a product, as many sequels are, to appease a corporate need for sales after a resounding success. Majoras Mask exists despite that. The spark that created Majoras Mask the way it existed at that moment is hard to pinpoint, even to the degree that Aonuma and his staff agree that the game was incomparable to others at the time, and in the 20 years since.

Aonuma: I heard that hardcore players love The Legend of Zelda: Majoras Mask more, so its kind of ironic for me. To be honest with you, I could only get approval for development because I made a game of that size [of Ocarina] back then. If you ask me [to make] that kind of game again, I cant do it.

https://news.denfaminicogamer.jp/english/170609b/4 June 2017

Part of that spark may have been the uncertain energy in the company at the time or cultivating talent in the young staff, but Majoras Mask is the only instance a full adventure was allowed to be made out of the assets already built for a Zelda game. For a couple of years, a sequel to Wind Waker was being planned for GameCube, and because of the low enthusiasm from the fanbase on the game at the time, the plans shifted to creating the more realistic Twilight Princess. Similarly. Aonuma and Zelda team desperately wanted to create a proper direct sequel adventure in Twilight Princess engine as well and were unable due to strict instruction from Shigeru Miyamoto to make it a Wii Zapper tie in with no story and barely any boss fights. Of course, that game became Links Crossbow Training. The opportunity for a direct sequel to a Zelda game of Majoras ilk has yet to turn up. It hasnt been until now, after the success of Breath of the Wild, that the Zelda team has been able to use their hard work rebuilding a Legend of Zelda engine from scratch for one extra game to tell a complex, moody adventure with the current unnamed sequel, whose single teaser trailer has fans reminiscing their love of Majora 20 years later. Whether that game will get to be anything like it is yet to be discovered.

Majoras Masks legacy has left a great impact over the years because of its tone, its themes, and its unique nature apart from its sister software in the Zelda franchise. However, its spirit is carried in small details throughout Aonuma and Koizumis careers. It is a game that is more personal to the fundamentals of these two mens passion for designing games, but also, in a stressful and uncertain time, they managed to turn it into a work of art by injecting it with their personalities, and their fears. While so many players over the years connect with Majora for its atmosphere, performing countless autopsies to pull deeper meaning, Nintendos productions always have a mystique about them, and the game spoke for itself. Now, when coming away with an understanding of their artistic flourishes, it feels human in the way it presents its world to players: Despair, grief, pain, sorrow, salvation, legacy, and hope. Link entered Termina looking for one friend and, provided it exists in some semblance of reality, departed with many. Link sees a bit of himself in every individual who gifts him a mask throughout this journey, and in turn, that allows the games architects to convey their experiences and musings to the player. The humanity of Majoras strange world just might be something that causes it to overshadow even Ocarina of Times revolutionary status the further we get from its release, but only time will tell.

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Majora's Mask 20th Anniversary: Changing The Future - The Young Folks

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October 24th, 2020 at 4:54 am

Who was Carlo Acutis? Get to know the tech whiz on his way to becoming a saint – Manila Bulletin

Posted: October 17, 2020 at 10:53 am


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Lifestyle / Leisure / Who was Carlo Acutis? Get to know the tech whiz on his way to becoming a saint Who was Carlo Acutis? Get to know the tech whiz on his way to becoming a saint Five things you should know about the first millennial saint-to-be

Carlo Acutis, a Catholic Italian teenager who passed away in 2006, was beatified recently in Assisi. A gamer and computer programmer who loved soccer and the Eucharist, he has been the subject of interest around the world. So who was Carlo Acutis? Heres what you need to know:

Carlo, dubbed the cyber apostle of the Eucharist, was born in London to Italian parents, and moved to Milan with them as a young boy. From a tender age, Carlo seemed to have a special love for God, even though his parents werent especially devout. He loved to pray the rosary.

While his peers spent their spare time hanging out with friends, Carlo utilized his time by drawing closer to God. He attended daily Mass and asked his parents to take him on pilgrimages.

Skilled in film editing and computer programming, Carlo set up a website where he researched and documented miracles attributed to the Eucharist. The millennial, whose body lies in state in Assisi, dressed in a tracksuit and trainers, also warned his contemporaries that the internet could be a curse as well as a blessing.

An inspiration to so many, including young children and teens, Carlo died a young boy at the age of 15 after a brief battle with leukemia. He offered his sufferings forPope Benedict XVIand the Church, and was buried in Assisi, at his request, because of his love for St.Francis of Assisi.

His console of choice was a Playstation, or a PS2, which was released in 2000, when Carlo was nine. Reports say he only allowed himself to play games for an hour a week, as a penance and a spiritual discipline.

He was designated Venerable after the Pope approved a miracle involving the healing of a Brazilian boy suffering from a rare pancreatic disease. The boy came into contact with an Acutis relic, a piece of one of his T-shirts.

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Who was Carlo Acutis? Get to know the tech whiz on his way to becoming a saint - Manila Bulletin

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October 17th, 2020 at 10:53 am

Facing Disinformation In Teaching And Learning | Armenian American Reporter – Armenian Reporter

Posted: September 28, 2020 at 11:59 pm


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A check out how the education and training systems in Europe can try to manage the rise of false information and disinformation.

The De Facto effort is a non-profit undertaking that was currently in the advancement pipeline 5 years earlier. See, many efforts in attempting to comprehend the damage that disinformation causes upon all social systems are fixated media and politics. True, the news cycle is the most lively part of the disinformation community. The research study for De Facto acknowledged the work of the folks behind First Draft, later on the High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation, and couple of efforts such as the SOMA and EDMO observatories, and the plethora of fact-checkers turning up online, all specifically concentrated on media and day-to-day chatter.

With De Facto, we developed that an essential piece of the disinformation puzzle was still missing out on. Various spread media literacy efforts at schools and universities are primarily connected to important believing abilities, which our company believe just scratches the surface area. We wished to examine in comprehensive information the affecting procedure and the damaging effect of mis- and disinformation on teaching and learning. Therefore we began with establishing a full-blown Disinformation Framework for Education and Training Contexts, supported by loads of case research studies, attentively curated eLearning resources and brand-new tools. This is available in several languages already, devoid of any charge. Yet it is just a start, a structural structure upon which we wish to keep establishing a strong practically-oriented technique and tool kit for teachers and students.

We based our deal with long-held clinical postulates from the world of neuroscience, cognitive science, and cognitive linguistics, however in some cases needed to turn to digressive clinical paths (e.g., human evolutionary biology, in order to make certain we are on the ideal track). Though we are not researchers, we are respectable at reading, and dealing with science.

Frames are deep cognitive structures which we construct and enhance continuously. Frames assist us browse in a complicated environment by offering important details of what aspects, stars, and activities come from an offered frame (e.g. a school frame would usually consist of a structure, instructors, training spaces with chairs and desk, online platform, multimedia projectors, interactive screens, students, books, examinations, term documents, tuition, tutoring, and so on). When the brain satisfies a brand-new circumstances of a recognized frame, this leads to a physical support of the neural paths for this frame, similar to a muscle grows if you train it over and over again. The brain normally chooses to send out details down bigger paths as vehicles choose highways to smaller sized roadways. However, when the brain satisfies a circumstances of the frame where there is a conflicting component or an aspect not belonging there based upon previous experience, then this brand-new and dissonant details is primarily disposed of. This is how we dismiss details that does not work together with our recognized beliefs.

Motivated cognition is another intriguing phenomenon. In easy terms, it supplies a description to a series of scenarios: we tend to put more rely on those near us (household and buddies), in stars, political or spiritual leaders, we respond much better to images than to text and much better to video than to still images; we dismiss our own incompetence and characteristic failures to external aspects, however we provide ourselves credit for favorable results. No physician or legal representative considers themselves a bad physician or legal representative, a minimum of not in public admission. Motivated cognition works by injecting incentive aspects into a scenario, which is then thought about in a various light.

Systemic causality is a term which explains intricate chains of domino effect, leading to a single result. By meaning, the intricate chain is not observable, which supplies sufficient premises for simplification on truly elaborate matters such as environment modification. Now, we understand that our brain is not wired to gain from things it can not observe a minimum of till later on in life where the prefrontal cortex is totally established. But this is not adequate, the brain needs to be taught to actively seek for those concealed links, and take them into factor to consider. We generally like to exhibit systemic causality with an Ishikawa fishbone diagram, where great deals of aspects add to a concrete occasion. The great news is that the brain can certainly be taught to do this. The brain requires to be put in a scenario where systemic causality exists, this circumstance requires discussing and unraveling and as an outcome, the brain ends up being more knowledgeable about the presence of concealed, not straight observable cause-and-effect chains.

Equivalency and focus frames are 2 unique kinds of frames. With equivalency, we have 2 declarations that equal rationally and mathematically. The specific phrasing of the declarations nevertheless has the ability to alter viewpoints or choices. People choose a course of action which conserves 50% of an offered group of 100 individuals from particular death however hesitate to provide approval for an action which will eliminate 1/2 of the group, though this is mathematically similar. With focus frames, individuals put focus on particular words or other details aspects (e.g., a red circle marking an item on a CCTV video), and when focus exists, it takes cognitive precedence and ends up being the primary message, typically causing the brain outright declining other aspects which are not on focus.

We were fortunate to be able to check out the topic. We are now even better, as we see how schools begin to execute our technique and structured training interventions to fight disinformation in teaching and learning. We supply assistance to investigative reporters by including insights into the specific system of adjustment or disinformation, hence raising fact-checking and source-checking to a brand-new level. Now the next actions for us will be to adjust the technique, which is now targeted at 16+ and grownups, for students aged 11-12. We establish a brand-new effort on cognitive predispositions and their possible management and mitigation by teachers. We support the science. And we see outcomes.

Link:
Facing Disinformation In Teaching And Learning | Armenian American Reporter - Armenian Reporter

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September 28th, 2020 at 11:59 pm

Pastor Bob Cottrill on Christianity, Faith, and Intuition – News Intervention

Posted: September 26, 2020 at 9:52 am


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Pastor Bob Cottrill is the Pastor at Port Kells Church in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada. Here we talk about the Christian faith.

Scott Douglas Jacobsen: What is your family background?

Pastor Bob Cottrill: My folks were working class folks from British background. It was 100% Caucasian. I, often, think about the elementary school that I grew up in, which was about 500 kids with only a couple Japanese students or students of Japanese ancestry. The interesting thing, my sister stayed in the community, in the suburb of Toronto. When the children went through the same school a generation later. It was 80% ethnic. People from South Asia. People from Africa. It is so interesting how the face of Canada has changed. Their experience, completely different from mine. We were completely isolated from the world, this bubble. My parents and the social structures that we were involved were very closed, Christian, conservative. I would even say, perhaps, fundamentalist. In this sense, the narrative that we experienced was probably more connected to a North American narrative of the 40s and 50s, of fundamentalist, isolationist view. Our particular read of the King James Version of the Bible was the only historical one given by Jesus and the Apostles. Everyone from Catholicism through to liberal Christianity, even elements of Evangelical movement. These were all aberrant expressions, but the true Christian faith was held by our small little church. One of the really informative moments for me. It was in high school.

There was a Christian club [Laughing]. I went to it. At the club, I met these other students from my high school. I thought I was the only other Christian in the high school. I met a guy on the hockey team, musicians. These were just normal kids who were experiencing and living out Christian faith in their life, in a real and vibrant way. We werent alone. I thought that we were huddled in the basement. I went back to my church, of course, of 80 or 100 people, who held this fundamentalist view. I thought, Wow! Wait until they hear this, other Christian people. [Laughing] I was very nave, as you can tell. They werent impressed at all. When I graduated from school, I looked for an opportunity to broaden my experience of people who were wrestling with and living out the Christian experience. This idea of integrating the reality of God and Jesus with culture and relationships in this world. I asked my high school counsellor, I would like to go to a Christian university. He said, That doesnt exist in Canada. You cant go to the U.S. because it is too complicated. A couple of weeks later in Grade 12, he saw me in the halls. He said, Hey! Are you the kid who was asking about Christian universities? I said, Yes. He said, I got this package of information about this place in B.C. I was about o throw it out, but then I thought of you.

It was a formative time for me. I got exposure to people from across the culture and around the world who came from societal and denominational different structures, but had the common idea of God at work in culture and in society. The ethos and presence of Jesus were real. It really expanded my mind. I left behind a lot of the confines that I grew up with. I am blathering on. Does this give an inkling? [Laughing]

Jacobsen: Yes, your time at Trinity Western University. Your degree, what was it? Were there further studies?

Cottrill: I enrolled in Business Studies. A lot of my original intent in coming to university as a young person was more social than it was educational. So, when I enrolled in Business Studies, it was a lot of interaction. I enjoyed it. I think somewhere along the way. I thought about being an accountant. It seemed like a good career. I did all my accounting studies. I graduated with a degree in Business Administration. When I first graduated, I pursued some business interests for about 3 or 4 years. My heart drew me into more traditional pastoral work. Because I think I have always been committed to community, to relationships, to understanding the experience of God and values and a deep love of that whole experience. So, inadvertently, I was drawn to that. It wasnt intentional. Certainly, I never had that intention through early education. I graduated and worked in the business world for 4 or 5 years. I was very involved in volunteer work through church and youth work. A church leader challenged me with an opportunity. So, I enrolled in seminary. I took a full-time position at a church as a pastoral leader, eventually. I have been doing that for 30 years or more.

Jacobsen: Same church?

Cottrill: No, I served for 7 or 8 years as a youth pastor at one church, providing leadership to high school students. Then I was, for 5 years, serving as a pastor in a Mennonite church in Mission. Even though, I have no cultural background with the Mennonite. I served as an associated pastor at a number of larger churches overseeing public services. For the past 4 years, I have been back here at Port Kells Church, which is a non-denominational, independent church. It has been in the community since 1888. Interesting story, it started in 1888 on 88th avenue, not far from where it is now. It was Methodist settlers who came to participate in the founding of Port Kells, which was originally meant to rival Vancouver as a seaport. I think in about the early 1900s, after about a decade or two; they constructed a building that was right by the corner of where 176th street meets the freeway. You know the historic schoolhouse there. They met there and built a church there, which they eventually disassembled and moved to the corner of Harvey Rd. and 88th Ave.

Eventually, in 1941, someone gave them a piece of property. They put it in rollers and rolled it down the street.

Jacobsen: [Laughing].

Cottrill: That particular structure burned down years ago, but it has been rebuilt. We are on the same property. Like many Methodists, in 1925, the Methodists, Presbyterians, and Congregationalists rolled together to become the United Church. The Port Kells Church was part of that, until about 1985 when, in the face of changing politics and direction, a number of churches departed the United Church. Port Kells Church being one of them. For a while, it was part of a group that left the Congregational Church of Canada. That partnership has fragmented a bit. The churches didnt have a lot in common. Many departed for theology. Others were traditionalists and didnt like new things. Others were mad about other stuff. It was hard to build a coalition. It is diminished, but still exists. The Port Kells Church hasnt participated in that for many years. It is a rally independent church and holds to a historic Christian understanding of faith. So, there we are; a little country church right in the heart of Surrey that has been there since 1888.

Jacobsen: When youre there since 2016, what are you seeing in terms of some of the differences between non-denominational church service and your example of pastoring to youth, or in a Mennonite context?

Cottrill: There are fewer differences among denominational churches. There are some broad differences. Liturgical type churches, Catholic, Anglican churches, some Presbyterian, Lutheran, churches, they would share a lot more in common in terms of the life of the congregation than evangelical or charismatic churches regardless of the name on the door. They would have a similar experience of congregational life. So, our particular church experience, of our congregation, is more connected with an Evangelical or Charismatic, or independent, thing. If you were to move from here in B.C. from a Baptist to a Mennonite to a Non-Denominational to an Alliance church, many of the big flagship churches or even some of the little ones. The differences would be more about the size and proficiency of the people leading it, as opposed to the ethics or the intent of it. Theres been a real breaking down of a lot of barriers. You notice the newest churches do not have a non-denominational label. It may be in the fine print, maybe on a back page, or in one of the dusty corners of the pastors mind. But, as far as the people in the pews, theres a real uniformity to most of the Evangelical churches or the non-liturgical churches.

Jacobsen: A lot of online resources exist online for modern Christians, especially young singles and couples. So, I do note when watching some of these. There will be the presentation. But before that, stating, Dont forget, this is only supplementary to the church that youre with, stay plugged in with your local church and your local pastor. Do some of your congregation take advantage of some of these resources?

Cottrill: Thats a good question. I dont really know. For about 13 years, I was part of a megachurch, as you would call here in Canada. It would get 2,000 a week in multiple services. We had a radio show. You have people coming to take advantage of your resources. We realized along the way. The people who attended on a weekly basis also belonged to a small church, committed to the small church, but would chime up. It may be a thing. Im not sure it is a particularly healthy or helpful model. A lot of the value of having churches is that it is a community; it is a family; it is a commitment. It is people who walk alongside you and love you, and work together with you, even when youre not doing well. Even in the kind of relationship people have with an online resource, an online church, it is, essentially, in the end, artificial. It is like watching porn. You dont have a relationship; theyre not going to be there in the morning. An online church thing may be all airbrushed. They may be incredibly talented. They may be right and smarter than your local teacher or leader, but they are not going to be there when you are in a crisis. In the end, I think it is an artificial relationship. A couple of years ago, I had a medical issue. I looked online. I figured, I am done for. My doctor said, No, its really nothing. Go buy this over the counter thing, youll be good in a couple of days. He was right. We had the same information. But my doctor had the information and knew my need, environment, symptoms, and was able to make sense of that in a way that I cant. It is not just restricted to Christian belief but applicable to all elements of life. There is this artificial element to information technology, which I think is leading people astray. In the same way, I am very committed to educated in a structured environment. Essentially, you could probably build a nuclear bomb based on information that you find in the internet, in theory. Nobody is because theres something about the structure. Thats a terrible example [Laughing]. Theres something about the structure of caring, mentoring, and personalizing and understanding people that cant be done online.

Jacobsen: It sounds like taking into account human beings are living organisms and the brain is a part of the living organism and requires an environment built around it.

Cottrill: I think it is more than it is a living organism.Although, that is one way of expressing it. There is something more to being human. There is this element of consciousness. Maybe, it is the image of God. There is this social aspect, which is, maybe, more important than facts.

Jacobsen: Take some of the comments of some Christian educators, they will not focus on the education alone, but on a level above. The education as a means by which to inculcate virtuous ideas, and virtuous habits, to then have virtue. It is a character form of education rather than knowledge-based education.

Cottrill: As you said, holding out this idea that theres virtue, theres morality. There are universal values that transcend just facts and figures. It is, again, an indication of believing that there is something bigger in the universe. This is really outdated. When I went to Trinity Western University, one of their bylines was Turning out fully developed students or something.

Jacobsen: How vague is that?

Cottrill: I know. There was this idea not just educated students. It was this idea of students who maturity and development in all aspects of life, whether a spiritual element, emotional growth, as well as academic. I think one of the big challenges coming full circle again to what you began the question with; the kind of relationship that you have with information technology is not real. It is information, but it is not relational. I think the churches. I think of even little church like mine, 100 people. It is a community; it is a family. Together, we experience the hurts and the successes. We experience the presence of God in the community. As part of that, it impacts us, as people.

Jacobsen: How are you differentiating community, family, as terms?

Cottrill: I am seeing them as descriptive terms to describe the types of relationships that we have. We are like an extended family. As with family, we have people who are sometimes not happy, who are introverted, who find it difficult to participate as fully. It is people who are connected.

Jacobsen: What are some of the difficulties in church life?

Cottrill: Difficulties in church life are people, who are people. You have people who struggle with emotional crises. You have people who struggle with mental issues. You have a lot of different views on peripheral issues. Politics is a great example. I know for a lot of Americans. Coming through the Christmas season and Thanksgiving, you will see a lot of news feeds, How to talk politics at the Thanksgiving table?

Jacobsen: [Laughing].

Cottrill: We have a lot of the same things. There are a lot of ways to thoroughly address Christian issues in society. I am one person who believes how to deal with economic issues is trickle-down economics is through wealth redistribution. Others say the government should intrude. I may personal favour one or the other, but those views have integrity in and of themselves. It is the same in a dinner table chat or a church environment. Like any social structure, we have to work through those challenges. So, those are some of the challenges that we face. Also, I think a big issue for a lot of churches in the Lower Mainland is the cost of real estate. We have been in the same place in 1941 and the church structure was built well and a lot by volunteers, which has given us a leg up on a lot of folks. It is still a leg up to pay staff in the community. There are other pressures as well.

Jacobsen: What brings individuals and families to church?

Cottrill: There are probably a couple of different reasons. I think would like you to think it is a deep need to connect with their Creator with this internal spiritual need. Ill come back to that. Realistically, I think people want community, are lonely, have social expectations still. So, theres some of that. But I would say that for an awful lot of folks. The things that keep them there are that many people, and I say this from my own experience, have this compelling sense, intuitive sense even; we try to rationalize and justify it, and rightfully so. The intuitive core of a lot of people and I dont know if I can say it is universal, but this sense of there being more to life than what we see on the surface. That communities and resources like churches explore the whole idea. It gives a framework to try and understand not just power here, and not just what were needing today, but why we are here. Why we exist? Why we have a consciousness going beyond instinctual reactions to what we do? It is this sense that theres something more. Were trying to make sense of it. Churches and Christians in particular feel that the best explanation or the explanation, perhaps, is that there is a Creator behind this; that there is a presence behind this beyond molecules, which is out there. We understand it as being a god. It is not only a presence, but a benevolent presence and a personal presence. Our expressions of worship and community and study are in trying to make sense of it, making connections, with that part of us, which calls us out. It is almost clich now. Augustine or someone talked about this missing part of our heart. I think it is attributed to Luther along the way, a God-shaped hole. This idea that intuitively we want something more and strive for it. Communally, we work towards that. Of course, we find structure and whatever through Scripture, through mystery and tradition and understandings of theology. But I think the whole thing is driven in the first place and we cant make people come, in our culture at least that we are more than just molecules. Thats, at least, what I attribute it to.

Jacobsen: When we are having the different types of theology on the ground in pastoral life, how does this tie into the trainings. You were at Regent College. Who were prominent people who taught you?

Cottrill: I took courses with Dr. Alistair McGrath. Someone who I deeply admire. It sounds as if I am overwhelmed by his knowledge of things. It was really a profound thing to study under him and realize. It is not just him. It is the whole tradition of deeply understanding and wrestling with and committing yourself to understand a topic. Another professor who I had was Eugene Peterson, who is known in Evangelical circles for his translation of the Bible called The Message. It is a particular translation of the entire Bible from original languages. He passed away, recently. He was a Presbyterian, I believe, who has been uniquely influential in Evangelical circles. I found them very inspiring for different reasons. Regent seminary at UBC is a very inspiring place, actually. I didnt graduate from there. I graduated from Trinity Western Seminary, even though I went to Regent. It is part of the ACTS consortium of seminaries, which are 3 to 5 Evangelical denominations that share some facilities, even share some classroom space and courses together on the campus of Trinity Western University. I graduated with a Master of Theological Studies in 1996.

Jacobsen: As youre working at Port Kells Church, which is non-denominational, and as youre graduating from the ACTS consortium of seminaries in 1996, what is the orientation when you have the Evangelical ACTS consortium training, in terms of seminary, and then translating this into a non-denominational context?

Cottrill: To a large degree, the divisions people see in the popular conception of how Christian faith and churches are divided up; it is artificial and more social constructs or ways that communities come together because I would say within the big picture called historical Christian faith or historic orthodox Christian faith. I am not talking about the Orthodox, Eastern Orthodox, Church. I am talking about those who adhere to creeds and statements of faith that have been in place since the 2nd century. In the big picture, there would not be a whole lot of difference. If I was to pick up a Baptist confession of faith or a statement of faith, and if I was to actually pick up the Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church, and discarding all of the cultural paraphernalia, and getting down to what are the key elements of faith, not argue about peripheral stuff, I dont think youd see a whole lot of difference.

Jacobsen: What are the core aspects of faith or Christian religion?

Cottrill: Since 7th century, or so, they have been defined by about 7 or 8 key elements of faith. I dont know if this is a test. I didnt study for this.

Jacobsen: Something impressionistic to provide an idea.

Cottrill: As a non-denominational church, this is what we have tried to define, this is what places us in the stream of Christian faith. We hold to these 7 or 8 things. The others, we arent saying they are not important, but are sort of secondary. One is God exists (primary). He is good, personal, cares about us, and has revealed Himself to us, personally. Two is not only God exists, but the unique form in which he has revealed Himself in three different personalities. We would call this the Trinity. It is always an imperfect way of expressing. The Catholics would call it a mystery. I would call it complicated. But the fact that God has revealed Himself as God the Father, God the Son in Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. So, God exists, revealed Himself in these ways, and Jesus has specifically revealed Himself in this world to reveal Himself and connect with people and bring about forgiveness. That would the third and fourth one. Third is Jesus is, in fact, God. Fourth is coming to the world and leading the way to a life that extends beyond that. The fifth one is the Holy Spirit revealed itself in the world. The sixth would have to do with God revealing Himself through Scripture. Seventh would be that God will, at some time, wind up the affairs of this world and bring people to account. There will be a reckoning by God. When I say those 7 points, those creedal doctrines of understanding extend from the most conservative fundamentalist groups right to Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Coptic Church in Egypt, whatever. They would all hold those same 7 or 8 creedal understandings. Now, how they spin out them, the last one, for instance, of God winding things up at The End. Some fundamentalist Americans may adhere to a Dispensationalist view of 70 years, etc. I dont quite understand it, as opposed to a different group. Those would be the distinctive, unique understandings of historic Christian faith that hundreds of millions of people have adhered to since the 7th century.

Jacobsen: Who would be outside of that remit?

Cottrill: I guess whoever doesnt hold to those.

Jacobsen: What denominations would be outside of it?

Cottrill: When we talk about Christian denominations, we talk about people who are within that. There are not denominations per se, but there are other faiths who dont hold to that. I think a lot of groups that sprang up in the 19th century, mid-1850s there seemed to be an explosion of American-based ones. I dont know if this comes out of the entrepreneurial American spirit of right your own ticket. There came the Jehovahs Witnesses who did not hold to the creedal stances of Christi, of how faith in Christ brings about relationship with God, Mormonism, Christian Science. There are some that straddle the line who are mostly in. Depending on what day you catch them

Jacobsen: [Laughing].

Cottrill: It doesnt sound like it. This sounds like a tangent now. But Oneness Pentecostalism, they appear to be fully in the mainstream of Christian faith, but they have questions about how we express the identity of Christ or in understanding of those creedal things; you must be baptised in a certain way, in our church, to somehow become right with God. So, those people are mostly in. But you say, How committed are you to these basic understandings? I would say most of them are committed to those basic understandings. So, some people, if you interpret it too tightly, have excluded Catholicism because they would say, Not only do they hold to those creedal things. They have extra parts. I am not sure about those. For example, Catholics would depart from Protestants because they would give authority to apostolic tradition, which finds its expression in the faith. In the sense, the Vatican has this authority in speaking on faith. We just accept scripture, agree on the creedal things, and disagree on a few extra lines on the bottom. It is splitting hairs in the end. Because if we agree on primary things, its like a marriage relationship. If youre on the same page on most things, we can continue for even a lifetime. If there is a disagreement, maybe, we can work it out. Perhaps, it is a little pragmatic.

Jacobsen: What about individual tenets?

Cottrill: I think any of those creedal tenets. If God has revealed Himself in Jesus, if the spiritual realm, if someone was to discard the testimony of Scripture, if someone was to question if we can be in a right relationship with God through Jesus, if someone was to disregard that there is a calling to account for our actions, I think any of those things would remove people from a historic orthodox view of Christian faith. Socially, people can function as Christians, but practically and in a belief structure; they dont believe it. Then I would think that they cant call themselves Christians or a follower of Jesus. You hold to the historic beliefs, the ethos and values of Christ. I dont know why they bother calling themselves Christian.

Jacobsen: When youre pastoring, what is the difference between a youth pastor, a lead pastor, etc.? How can we make distinctions between these labels being thrown around?

Cottrill: Right, I think theyre functional job type things, descriptions. Pastor means shepherd or leader. Somebody who helps makes sense of the community and to guide it. When the community gets bigger, the tendency is needing help for the leader. It is not healthy. It is not practical for one person to do it. It is easier to divide responsibilities. It is saying a leader with emphasis with one particular dimension of emphasis. For instance, when I was a youth pastor, it was that my primary responsibility was with a certain age segment, youth leadership. When my job description was worship pastor, one of my primary roles was to provide structure and support for the communitys public expression of worship. I think it is just recognizing, especially in large environments, that you will have to divide the work to get it done. Right now, when I am in a small environment community, they call me Pastor.

Jacobsen: What are some of the difficulties members of the congregation bring to you?

Cottrill: The most difficult issues, at all, are the human condition. We struggle with disappointment, with hurt, with loss. We have to make sense of that. We have these hurts. We have losses. We want to know why. We want to know how to make it through, make sense of it. Whether someone is going through a divorce, or someone has passed away, or they are lonely, or they are disappointed in something that has happened in their life, those are all big challenges that. Sometimes, people struggle with faith. If all these creedal understandings that God is real, in good, and cares about me, and wants to have a relationship with us, why is my life so bad? Why do I live in despair? These are hard questions. They are the things that we work together to understand, to experience, and to make sense out of it. Specifically, when I was a youth pastor, I remember running these mid-week and Sunday programs. Someone brought this kid. I didnt know the family. He came a couple of times. I said, Can I get your moms phone number and name, and to touch base? To let her know what we do here and to answer any questions. He said, My mom is dead. I said, I am so sorry. I am sorry to heat that. What about your dad? He said, My dads dead. I said, Who do you live with? I would like to talk to her. He said, She is in the hospital, pregnant with twins. She fell and broke her collar bone and is in the hospital. I said, Does she live with the boyfriend or father? He said, No, she doesnt know the father or met him at a bar one time. I said, Well, youre living by yourself? He said, Yes, until she gets out of the hospital. I said, Do you have any siblings? He said, One of them fell over a waterfall and died, and the other committed suicide.

Jacobsen: This is awful.

Cottrill: It sounds like youre making this up.

Jacobsen: It sounds too bad to be true.

Cottrill: In fact, it is true. He came from a First Nations background, which is a complicated, tragic, and seemingly impossible story. That was 30 years ago. I still know him. He is a good friend of mine. I think he has gone on to live a very fulfilled and happy life, married with a happy family, and successful in business. Taking advantage of the resources, finding a reason to live, believing that we were meant for something worthwhile, and in spite of tragedy and sin, and error, there is a reason and a hope for our lives. Thats the challenge of Christian faith.

Jacobsen: What is sin to you?

Cottrill: Traditional theological definition, I hold to it. Sin is anything falling short of Gods standards.

Jacobsen: What are Gods standards?

Cottrill: God is the essence of Good. He is the ultimate moral standard. Anything that falls short of that, whether death, hurt, betrayal, or any of those selfish things like pride. Any of those kinds of things that find expression in this world are sin. So, lying, for example, or hurting somebody or betraying somebody, those are sinful. They are an expression of this departure from this standard of good that somehow God holds to.

Jacobsen: How are the Evangelical ACTS consortium training theologians at the time and potentially now? Within the non-denominational frameworks of modern science, things like evolutionary theory, things like Big Bang cosmology, and so on.

Cottrill: I think that theology like, perhaps, a lot of things in life are a lot different in academic circles than they are at street level. So, for example, I would say, Questions about the origins of the universe. In theological academic circles, I would say may prominent, even Evangelical, seminary settings like Wheaton College in the Eastern United States, the heartland of Evangelicalism. It would have very broad views on the origins of the universe. They would not be confined to or even entertaining 7-day creationism. If you were to go down to street level, the same pastors and seminary professors would be influential in; you would find many people hold those views. It is interesting. If you go around the world, this scientific I dont want to say, Denialism, or this literalism is mainly confined to the U.S. and to a certain flavour of Christian culture in the U.S. So, you have the fun park like Disney.

Jacobsen: The Ken Ham Petersburg, Kentucky, Ark and museum.

Cottrill: You wouldnt find that hardly anywhere else in the world. Many places with a long tradition. The Coptic Church in Egypt is unbroken back to the 2nd century or the Catholic Church understanding, or the Orthodox (Eastern), or the Anglican, or in Australia or Canada. You look across the centuries. It is only a small sliver of culture that has, for some reason, been really fixated on a particular idea. I think it comes out of the American experience of from the 1850s onward strongly influenced by a few strident voices. If you go to key seminaries or teaching focus, whether TWU Seminary or Wheaton, or numerous other places, you wouldnt find a fixation on scientific facts. I think you would find people looking at the biblical text and saying, This is more of an explanation of why things exist and how God has revealed Himself to us and why God has Himself to us. It is not a scientific textbook. It is not descriptive of the geographic events. But I think it was something attributed to C.S. Lewis, who said, I take Scriptures far too seriously to take them literally. Thats a thoroughly Christian thing to understand that these are sacred texts, and not necessarily scientific descriptions of how things happen. There happens to be historical overlaps. In the New Testament account, if you read about certain historical figures or accounts, history does coincide with that. But the story of the intent isnt necessarily to teach science or even history. Its to teach us why we exist. So, I would say coming full circle. In the context of Trinity Western, for example, I think that you would find that the prevailing ethos would not be a commitment to a scientific interpretation of the origins of the world, at least not in their theological training. I dont know about their science department. I dont know how they muddle through origins, whether multiverses, Big Bang, or otherwise. I have no idea. So, I think it is very easy to get bogged down in a very strident, very loud tiny sliver in the expression of American Christian faith and, somehow, think that that is a prevailing thought over the centuries, or even over the world.

Jacobsen: What demographics are at Port Kells Church, even impressionistic?

Cottrill: I would say that we have gone through a transition like many social structures. We tend to be set in certain social patterns that move their way through, which go into sunset and move their way through. I think we are in transition. I would suspect half of the people in the church are 60 and up. But we have intentionally had conversations about that. In the last couple of years, we have transitioned some of the activities of our community to make room for new generations. So, it is a rebalancing and emerging of newer families into our community. For example, getting down to the facts and figures, our Sunday school for children, two years ago, had two kids in it, which [Laughing] is not a good sign for the future. Whereas, we currently have 20 kids. It is an intentional focusing on that and deploying resources to say, Yes, we are not just a club for older adults who are moving into sunset years. Our mission statement talks about being a multigenerational community. So, periodically, you have to rebalance things and say that we are open to those things. We are rebalancing. In two years, I would hope to see a broader representation of the generations in our church.

Jacobsen: How do you plan a service? How do you implement a service?

Cottrill: Our worship service in Sunday are about an hour. An hour and a half of peoples time, what we want to do is make room for people to have community time to connect with each other, to have time to communally express their commitment, we make sure there is a teaching time, a time to explore the Scriptures together. We make sure there are elements of participation for all levels. On a practical level, what happens is that we, usually, have about 20 minutes of singing and musical participation spread across that time, I preach a typical sermon about 30 minutes, which take apart a passage of Scripture and talk about the significance of it, how this impacts our life, how we understand it, what its context is. We have an element where children participate in the service. We make sure that as we gather; we have some element of prayer. This idea that we believe God is present with us, and is interested, and responds to our communication. So, we pray together. Sometimes, it is one person. Also, this year, each time, I am taking five minutes in each service to interview a person. I ask them one of about four questions, Tell us about yourself, How did your life intersect with Christian faith?, How did you understand Jesus? How did you become a part of this community?, What is a significant way God influenced your life in this community? It gives people and opportunity to experience community. About 80 people come on a Sunday morning in our church. Also, we receive an offering each week. We have bills to pay. I am paid a salary. We have a mortgage to pay. We have someone else we pay. We pay our worship director, the person who leads the music, a custodian, and someone who coordinates Family Ministries. He volunteers at the schools and runs childrens programs. We pass an offering plate each week. People voluntarily contribute to the upkeep of the community in that way.

Jacobsen: How do atheist, agnostic, humanist, freethought people of Canadian society not understand, or misrepresent about, Christians and Christian community?

Cottrill: One is, I think they tend to gravitate to the stereotypes to strident voices, which dont necessarily represent a deep, thoughtful experience of Christian faith. It would be like if I engage Islam only in terms of a terrorist who has blown themselves up. Thats the only image. If I engage with Christians of the faith, and people who have not thought it through or who only represent a tiny fragment of what it is, it goes both ways, too. For example, being a Christian, if I paint a picture of an atheist, and immediately go to the most extreme of this is a hateful, hurting person who is only interested in tearing down everything thats good and right, and is probably an extreme socialist-totalitarian Stalinist, Satanist

Jacobsen: [Laughing] I have seen this.

Cottrill: So often, I think people think that they are one thing. Partly, it is that they have not experienced it. The second thing I would protest here. I think a lot of people are looking for an identity. This goes or cuts both ways. It cuts the Christian thing as well. I am looking to get behind something. So, if the atheists get to me before the Christians, then I going to be a Born Again Atheist and will sign onto it. I want to belong to something.

Jacobsen: Is this most people?

Cottrill: A lot of the most strident, obnoxious Christians as well as the strident, obnoxious atheists are people looking for an argument. It is like, Pick your side, I will fight you. I like the fighting. I dont care, actually. It is not because of a deep commitment. It is so funny. I remember being about 14 or 15 years old and being very argumentative. It was a phase in my life. I am the stereotype of the angsty teenager. I am going to get into an argument. I think for a lot of people in life. They are looking for an argument. People take them seriously. Theres a lot of very talented people looking for an argument and who are looking to use the structures of debate and information technology, and whatever else, to create tension and meaning in themselves. I am not always so sure that they are as committed as they might. It is a night like I feel above the fray in one way or another. Maybe, it is a part of discovering who you are and finding truth, which is to argue for positions and realize, Maybe, I am not as committed to these things as I thought. So, the misunderstandings of Christians towards secular people; people assume Christians are anti-intellectual, anti-science, anti-human rights, when, in fact, I think it has been, certainly, in the Western world, that these values have been built upon. I think there is a fad of assuming Christians are against human rights or against valuing all aspects of society, whether its women, gender minorities, whatever it might be. That, in fact, Christian values subjugate those people instead of looking at history in a broader sense and realizing it is Christian values that allowed those things to thrive and become a conversation in Western culture. I think there are a lot of popular myths about Western culture in general, in freedoms, in civil discourse, in commitment to intellectualism. It is like Christians arent a part of it, when they are a part of it. I think part of this comes from the fact that the most strident voices in engagement has been with a stratum of popularism, which doesnt necessarily have a lot of intellectual validity. It is like take survey and thinking this is a national trend. As I said, I think it flows both ways. It is anecdotal as opposed to, a great example, in the U.S., when someone wants to get a soundbite of a prominent Christian leader. They go to Franklin Graham, who is an Evangelical, but more represents a fundamentalist 1940s Christian Protestant faith as opposed to a 21st century Evangelical. They go to Joel Osteen.

Jacobsen: [Laughing].

Cottrill: Or Benny Hinn. I am not even sure if they have a seminary education. They would, certainly, be rejected by the majority of Evangelicals as leaders. It is really easy to stereotype. I understand why. The critique flows both ways. Christianity in general is a kind of fluid target. In this sense, you cant go to the president. It is not like there is one Pope who represents all Christians and then his word is the final deal.

Jacobsen: Even Catholics will ignore and the Pope and Eastern Orthodox will ignore Patriarch Bartholomew.

Cottrill: Absolutely.

Jacobsen: This is obviously a perennial issue that will exist well past our lifetimes because dialogue is such a perennial issue.

Cottrill: I think dialogue, education, and modelling of civil discourse. Because when we converse, earlier, I was talking about how my growing up experience in a very isolated environment lead me to very unhealthy and untrue expectations of people who, for instance, were from different cultures, but when I, actually, came into relationship with them. I realized that all of my expectations were completely wrong or going to the doctor with the things that I read without understanding the context and experience of it. I think it is the same way. When people have dialogue, have civil discourse, a lot of this other stuff gets pushed aside. It doesnt mean that we disagree; it means that we are disagreeing things that do not matter rather than preconceptions that may not even be true.

Jacobsen: So, maybe, an open mind with reaching out to change preconceived notions.

Cottrill: I think any time that youre in discussion. That, in and of itself, exhibits an open mind if it is a discussion. I could preach it without having an open mind.

Jacobsen: [Laughing] We call this rebuking.

Cottrill: Right. If we are having a discussion, hopefully, you will learn something from me. I will learn something from you. Hopefully, it will help us come to a new understanding of truth, the universe, God, and what is happening in this world. Again, we talked about education, including online education, which is one of the challenges anything [Ed. Off-tape discussion over meal.] and is constricted, confined, and doesnt have the room to have the whole vista. If I was only to know you through five interviews that youve written; I wouldnt know you at all. If I were to know you through this one conversation, then I wouldnt you at all. If you research me through the internet, then you wouldnt understand me at all. However, if people have conversations and learn about one another, then they learn about one another and a whole lot more about life. One of the challenges, again, is the political landscape, and everything else, in which everyone retreats to enclosed camps, as you said. Another great example of this is the debate about climate change. It is about how people can have access to the same facts, the same experience; yet, they come to completely opposite conclusions, live in a closed community, where they are bombarded with the same take on things. They dont really evaluate what is actually happening. When I say, Education, it is this idea of being exposed to ideas and information and context, and wisdom. You know when you meet someone. They have been around for a while. They have had the chance to wrestle with things, look at it from a different angle, and understand that, maybe, they are not in it to convince you. They are committed to it because they have found some aspect of truth or hope, or future in it.

Jacobsen: You mentioned central tenets before. What is God to you?

Cottrill: I was thinking about this last night. Not in the context of our conversation, Am I convinced that God exists because of theological or factual, or scientific, reasons? I dont think so. It is this intuitive sense. I dont know if I was born with it or whatever. Somehow, my existence, and my life, and my being here, has a connection thats bigger than just living for 50 or 60 or 80 years. Theres something else out there mystical, and good, and powerful. Something that transcends our human existence. In the Christian faith, the understanding of God is there is this presence in the universe that is good, powerful, and benevolent. Thats God. It transcends our existence in this dimension. I think people have pursued that philosophically and come up with philosophical arguments for the existence of God. There are people who pursue it in terms of the natural realm. They talk about natural theology. There are people who experience that in Charismatic Christianity. God reveals Himself to us in mystical ways. To me, it was this intuitive sense; I was born knowing God exists. I think many, many people have that sense. I would like to think everybody has that sense.

Jacobsen: Most Canadians probably do, given the demographics.

Cottrill: I would say, Most Africans do.

Jacobsen: What do you mean by that?

Cottrill: I would say most Africans have a commitment to the supernatural world. They know from the time that they are born. In fact, most cultures know that there is something greater than the flesh and blood experience. I think only the Christian faith is a refinement, Not only is it true. It makes sense. God has revealed Himself in this Christian structure. Here is the thing, maybe, I am not right in this. I think many people who dispute that: If they are walking by a graveyard at 2 in the morning and the moon shines through the branches, and if they hear a wolf howl in the distance, a shiver runs down their back. Intuitively, something is telling them. There is something more out there. I am not trying to attribute some superstitious presence at that very moment. But something in us tells us that there has got to be more meaning to this world than organic material decaying in the grave; I am just on my way home.

Jacobsen: What about failures of intuition?

Cottrill: Yes, thats the tricky part. Intuition is an indication that something is there. We dont always understand what it is telling us. When intuition fails, it is our interpretation of intuition. In other words, one person has an intuition. This, perhaps, leads them into Satanism. Another person, myself, it has lead me to this deep commitment to the Christian faith. Clearly, one of our intuitions has failed. But I dont think it is the intuition itself. How do you make sense of that? I think that sometimes and I cant speak for atheists or agnostics people arent being complete honest, Yes, in my honest moments with myself, I think there might be something more to this universe. I might disagree with Christians about what it is, but I dont know.

Jacobsen: Would that be the compliment to the idea alluded to before? Christians having moments of serious doubt as per the experience of coming across the First Nations now-friend of yours: the mother is dead, the father is dead, one brother committed suicide, another brother fell and died in an accident, and his sister is pregnant with a back injury on the farm. In this sense, these present serious reasons for further reflection and doubt to the believing Christian as those other moments cause reasons to believe for the non-Christian.

Cottrill: I did get side tracked. I have such an abiding trust of God as a presence in the universe. As to why the Christian expression of faith makes the most sense, those are different questions along the way. I have always had a sense of a deep abiding trust of God in the universe. I attribute it to this intuition. I have studied, to some degree, theology, apologetics, etc., but thats not why I believe in God. I have just always known. I do believe most people do know there is something out there. I do not want to speak for everyone. Even most people who do not agree with me on the Christian view, we do talk about there being more than a naturalism, more than scientific evolution of social mores. There is something else that life is about. Thats what I am about.

Jacobsen: Thank you, Pastor Cottrill.

Photo by Karl Fredrickson on Unsplash

Assistant Editor, News Intervention, Human Rights Activist.

Scott Douglas Jacobsen is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. He focuses on North America for News Intervention. Jacobsen works for science and human rights, especially womens and childrens rights. He considers the modern scientific and technological world the foundation for the provision of the basics of human life throughout the world and advancement of human rights as the universal movement among peoples everywhere. You can contact Scott via email.

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Pastor Bob Cottrill on Christianity, Faith, and Intuition - News Intervention

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How To Support Racial Justice, Diversity and Activism This Week In Louisville (8/24) – Louisville Eccentric Observer

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MONDAY, Aug. 24

#BreonnaConVarious LocationsFree | Times varyBreonnaCon, by the national social justice organization Until Freedom, continues with a full day, including an Organizing Bootcamp and Breonnas Law Policy Roundtable at Simmons College, starting at 11 a.m. And, a Praise in the Park mass spiritual revival at Waterfront Park at 7 p.m. Tomorrow, Until Freedom is hosting a march on the LMPD Training Academy at 2 p.m., starting at South Central Park. LMPD is aware of the demonstration. Some local organizers and leaders have criticized BreonnaCon. You can read about why there is tension between local and national organizers here.

Lunch with Louisville Evolutionary Ricky Jones ZoomFree | NoonRicky L. Jones, the chair of UofLs Pan-African Studies Department and a former LEO columnist, joins Jud Hendrix, the executive director of Louisvilles Interfaith Paths to Peace for an insightful, lunchtime conversation.

Racial Justice Virtual Programming: Youth Should be Seen AND Heard OnlineFree (or $10 donation) | 5 p.m.I Am America is a new virtual program from the Muhammad Ali Center generating conversations about pressing racial justice challenges. This iteration is about amplifying youth voices and leadership in social movements. Panelists are senior fellow with the Youth Violence Prevention Research Center Jailen Leavall, One Love Louisville Youth Implementation Team member and Youth Coalition Louisville organizer Imani Smith and Muhammad Ali Center Council of Students alum and youth organizer Aubri Stevenson. Registration is required.

Open Air Yoga Bicentennial Park, New Albany$10 | 7 p.m.You might have a case of the 2020s if youre feeling anxious and exhausted by life. Luckily Heart 2 Heart Wellness Center, a Black-owned business in New Albany, has a salve: outdoor, healing yoga on Wednesdays and Saturdays through the month of August. Come restore balance & inner peace with our yoga classes that are designed to reduce anxiety, strengthen your mental wellness and your body, organizers say. On Wednesday, Robin leads a traditional flow yoga class at 7 p.m. at Bicentennial Park.

No Fascist USA! Talk #4 ZoomFree | Noon-1:30 p.m.This is the final of four talks about anti-fascist movements, sponsored by City Lights Booksellers, Carmichaels Bookstore and Louisville Showing Up for Racial Justice. Hilary Moore and James Tracey, the authors of No Fascist USA!: The John Brown Anti-Klan Committee and Lessons for Todays Movements, are among those leading the discussion. Susan M. Reverby, the author of Examining Tuskegee: The Infamous Syphilis Study and Its Legacy and Co-conspirator for Justice: The Revolutionary Life of Dr. Alan Berkman will also be there. Register beforehand to participate.

Reparations Roundtable ZoomFree | 9-11 p.m.Louisvilles Reparations Roundtable group continues to collect donations from and educate white people who want to give back to American descendants of slavery on their own instead of waiting on the government. This is one of the organizations monthly learning meetings.

100 Years Later: The Collective Power of Women Muhammad Ali Center/Facebook LiveFree (or $10 donation) | 10-11 a.m.Every year, the Muhammad Ali Center honors female leaders of social change, activism and pursuits of justice with its Daughters of Greatness program. In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment (granting women the right to vote), the Ali Center and Metro United Way are hosting this virtual (and in-person) conversation on the collective power of women, the systems that divide us, and the imperative for true unity. A diverse group of past Daughters of Greatness will lead the talk, including founding Daughter Ambassador Shabazz (the oldest daughter of Malcolm X) and Cate Fosl of the Anne Braden Institute.

Black Breastfeeding WeekAnywhereDonation based | Any timeIn celebration of Black Breastfeeding Week, the Kentuckiana Lactation Improvement Coalition is collecting donations to help Black women, including for photo sessions for Black mothers, scholarships for Black lactation education and female Black-owned businesses. Black Breastfeeding Week exists because Black infants have higher mortality rates than white babies, and these Black children could especially benefit from the immunity and nutritional benefits of breast milk, organizers say. You can donate via PayPal to info@klicbreastfeeding.org.

Black Market KY AnywhereDonation based | Any timeIf you missed it, Black Market KY, a Black-owned grocery store with plans to open in The West End, raised $10,000 in one day this weekend by asking 100 people to invest $100. But, you can still contribute your share by sending money via CashApp or Venmo.

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