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Sredojevic: Uganda have to be ambitious –

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5 Sep 2021

Uganda drew with Kenya in their opening match in round two

The Cranes host Mali in their second game

Coach Milutin Sredojevic discusses his teams qualifying chances

Uganda had been absent from the CAF Africa Cup of Nations for 39 years when Milutin Sredojevic steered them back to the competition in 2017. That was in the Serbian coachs first coming as the Cranes coach, a post he has now returned to with the aim of guiding them through the qualifying competition for the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022.

This is actually the third time that Ive coached in Uganda, he told The first was with Villa Sport Club. We did really well, with some players earning moves abroad. Then I came back to coach the national team in 2013. We developed the side and reaped our rewards in 2017, when we reached the Africa Cup of Nations. It was a historic achievement for the country.

My recent appointment to the job is the biggest challenge of my whole career, especially with the national team going through a transitional phase and the captain, Denis Onyango, having announced his retirement. The team needs time in these World Cup qualifiers to gain experience. Hopefully, we can get some positive results and rebuild.

Uganda have been drawn with Mali, Kenya and Ethiopia in Group E of the preliminaries for Qatar 2022.

You have to go into every qualifiers or competition with big objectives, said Sredojevic. Were in a tough group. We might be in a transitional phase, but weve got to play with a lot of ambition and show the full potential of our players to achieve positive results. We have to show that were a competitive team. We want to be in the fight to win the group. We know its going to be tough and that the little details will make all the difference. We have to acquit ourselves well and pick up points to get to where we want to go.

Uganda kicked off their campaign with a goalless draw in Kenya, a game in which the odds were against them, as Sredojevic explained: The players gave their all despite being up against a team thats just finished their season. Most of our players have been resting, so its a positive result for us.

It was hard to get the players fit for such an important game. Kenya kept hitting long balls for [Michael] Olunga, but we managed to keep them out.

Uganda can expect a tough test in their second outing in the group, at home to Mali, one of the strongest sides in Africa right now. Win this game and Uganda will give their chances of topping the group a massive boost.

After Kenya away, weve got Mali at home, said the Serbian coach. Its going to be hard, especially as our players have had a lack of game time. Thats why weve had to work hard to reach the right level in terms of competitiveness, mental attitude, fitness, and tactics. Our performance against Mali will show if weve got our preparations right.

I believe in the work weve done and the players weve got to reach the level we need and get the results our fans expect.

Few coaches have as much experience of African football as Sredojevic, who has also worked in Ethiopia, Egypt, South Africa, Sudan, Rwanda, Zambia, and Tanzania. During the course of his club and national team coaching career, he has spent time in 24 countries on the continent, accumulating a vast amount of expertise in the process.

So how does he plan to put it to use for Uganda? Ive got a lot of experience of coaching in Africa and I can anticipate what might happen on the pitch. I think I can help these young players to mature and push them to perform at their very best in aid of the team. Ill do everything I can to help Uganda do well.

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September 6th, 2021 at 1:47 am

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Party town: How an alcohol-centered culture is impacting the community’s mental health – Summit Daily News

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Jordan Cain was a teenager when he began drinking.

It started innocuous enough for the Longmont native, as is the case with many young people experimenting with alcohol in their high school years. But things didnt stay that way.

He developed an alcohol use disorder, and soon he was drinking just to stop himself from going into withdrawal. At some point, he began using cocaine to stay awake. For 12 years, people in his life tried to talk to him about his addiction, but he would brush off their remarks.

I was drinking very heavily. And I think for my generation, or at least the people I was hanging out with, it was just a normal amount, Cain said. I did drop out of college. I was in a lot of trouble off and on the entire time with the law. I found myself in some pretty messed up relationships, where not only were alcohol and drugs being abused, but I myself was being abused.

Cain said he didnt think much of his first DUI. It never occurred to him that alcohol was really an issue, much less a debilitating disorder. Sure, there were problems, but he was still holding down a steady job.

It wasnt until his second DUI about six months later when he took it as a sign from the universe, or the courts, that maybe it was time to take a deeper look at himself.

I think that was kind of the point where I knew I was going to be facing jail time, he said. And I knew this might be the best chance I have at drying up being away from toxic people, toxic environments and really using jail to my benefit as a first step in starting to be sober.

Cain moved to Summit County after his release from jail. Today, he is more than 2 1/2 years sober.

Cains addiction isnt unique. Hes just one of millions of Americans with a substance use disorder. What is special about his story, and others like him, is he found a way out.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention generally defines alcohol misuse as more than one drink per day on average for a woman and more than two per day for a man. The center further defines binge drinking as four or more drinks for a woman on a single occasion and five for a man.

But in some circumstances, that misuse can be difficult to spot.

Steve Howes is a Michigan native whos lived in Summit County for the past 15 years, and hes currently eight months sober. He said growing up in a family with heavy drinkers played a major role in his addiction. Later in life, it was societal and professional norms.

I just grew up around drinking, Howes said. Most of my aunts and uncles are all alcoholics. Thats something I took up with them. They were allowing me to drink as a young teenager, and I drank heavily with them on the weekends and stuff. I guess at the time I thought it was normal.

And since I work in the trades, every day after work you get home, you go out with the boys and you start to drink with them. Thats what youre supposed to do.

Tucker Limbruner grew up in Breckenridge and was exposed to heavy drinkers at a young age at his fathers restaurant. He started drinking in high school, picked up marijuana in college and later added cocaine to the mix, but hes been sober for more than two years.

When I was a kid, I thought it was kind of the norm for most people, Limbruner said. Living in Breckenridge, you are exposed to a vacation lifestyle at all times. I kind of realized as I got older that its not really a vacation all the time.

Unhealthy perceptions of alcohol and other substances, among numerous other factors, contribute to the more than 20 million Americans with a substance use disorder, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. More than 70% of that total have an alcohol use disorder.

Some mountain towns have a higher percentage of heavy drinkers, according to a June 2020 Katz Amsterdam Foundation and FSG survey of eight communities, including Summit and Eagle counties. About 45% of adult respondents reported binge or heavy drinking in the 30 days prior to taking the survey, compared with a national benchmark of 18%.

That likely has something to do with a culture of heavy drinking and drug use that has pervaded the community. Its no surprise that visitors coming to Summit County or other resort areas would include substances in their routine. Theyre on vacation, so why not check out a local brewery or stop into a dispensary to see what all the fuss is about?

But experts say that blas attitude often carries over to locals.

I think any place that is a resort area where the economy is based on visitors and on tourists, were going to have that kind of culture, said Jeanette Kintz, clinical director of Summit Womens Recovery, a womens outpatient addiction treatment center based in Dillon. People come here on vacation, and they come here to have a good time. Alcohol is often a good part of that, and with the legalization of marijuana, its made Colorado more of a hot spot.

Then what happens is and I hear this story all the time people who move here for a season to work at the resort, and then theyve been here 20 years and their substance use continued along the process. Some folks slow down, but its that work-hard, play-hard mentality.

What work residents are doing may also play a part. Those working in accommodations and food services (16.9%) as well as the arts, entertainment and recreation (12.9%) industries are among the most likely to have a substance use disorder, according to a 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Tourism and outdoor recreation is far and away Summit Countys biggest industry, making up as much as 65% of the economy, according to a September 2020 community profile prepared by the Northwest Colorado Council of Governments Economic Development District.

Casey Donohoe, a mental health navigator with the Family & Intercultural Resource Center and part-time bartender at a locals watering hole in Breckenridge, said she frequently sees individuals with substance use disorders. She said people often come into the bar in search of human interaction, which she attributes to difficulties making friends in a transient community.

There are countless activities and events one can go to in Summit County to meet people, but youll find booze at most of them.

According to the Katz Amsterdam Foundation and FSG survey, 83% of Summit County residents agreed that alcohol is important to social life.

In the beginning, its tough, Howes said about trying to get sober. Youre constantly around it. You walk down Main Street, and at every restaurant people are sitting outside drinking. Anytime you go rafting, youre in a raft with a cooler full of beer. You go skiing and everybody goes drinking afterward. Every festival here everyone is drunk. Its in your face. You cant get away from it.

A National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism surveillance report published earlier this year revealed that alcohol sales increased nationally between March and December 2020 compared with the prior three-year average. Likewise, marijuana sales in Colorado increased by more than $443 million in 2020 and crossed the $2 billion plateau for the first time.

Over the years, one of the things I hear often about the reasons people drink are boredom and structure, addiction counselor Susanne Neal said. COVID took away everybodys structure going to work, the time placement of everything during the day. Routines were pretty much uprooted where people didnt have to do anything, and isolation, feeling depressed, some of those mental health issues really reared their head.

But the impact of the pandemic on substance use disorders will likely take some time to unravel.

Data provided by the Summit County Coroners Office shows there hasnt been a major increase in substance-related deaths, with 10 last year compared with an average of 9.8 over the past decade. Also last year, there was a 1% decrease in the number of clients enrolling in the Family & Intercultural Resource Centers Mental Health Navigation program who listed a substance use disorder as their primary reason.

I had a few clients who admitted because they were out of work, didnt have anything to do and were getting paid unemployment, its kind of the idle hands thing where they increased their alcohol and drug use, Donohoe said. The uptick, for me at least, wasnt as big as I thought it was going to be.

But as things begin to return to normal, some experts believe there could be a surge of community members seeking help.

We dont know yet what its going to look like going into winter, Kintz said. My guess is well start to see more people seeking treatment.

Its never easy to tell when someone will recognize they have a problem and seek help.

Thats the confusing part to people, Neal said. If theyre going to work, still holding a job, still married, havent lost their kids, havent got a DUI its very hard to wrap your head around having a problem.

Substance use disorders can manifest in myriad impacts on a users life, and often it takes some sort of inciting incident for someone to seek treatment.

For Cain, it was his second DUI, 75 days in jail and severing ties with old friends that helped him get clean. Howes was driving home drunk from a friends birthday party, ran from the police and woke up on a strangers lawn to the sound of police sirens approaching. Limbruners family staged an intervention, and he shipped off to in-patient rehab that night.

All three are on the road to recovery, and if theres one commonality, its the fact that, sooner or later, they decided to ask for help.

Its OK to not be OK, as they say, Limbruner said. I know some people are really scared to reach out. They dont want to feel weak; they dont want to feel vulnerable, especially with people they dont know. But to reach out is probably the strongest thing anybody can do. I didnt get help until I asked.

Treatment certainly wont look the same for everyone, but there are plenty of resources in the community to help out. There are numerous therapists, support options at the Summit Community Care Clinic, active Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous groups, and other resources that mental health navigators at Building Hope Summit County and the Family & Intercultural Resource Center can guide residents toward.

For those facing financial barriers to treatment, Building Hope offers mental health scholarships, which allow community members up to 12 free therapy sessions.

Any type of professional treatment can help, but those in recovery said having a network of sober friends can be incredibly helpful, as well. Cain, Howes and Limbruner all take part in Fit to Recover, a weekly class at CrossFit Low Oxygen in Frisco meant to help connect people in recovery with others who know what theyre going through.

Building Hope also offers substance-free events, which feature fun and free activities where community members can meet new people and speak openly about mental health issues.

Those in recovery say taking that first step is whats important.

If a person is thinking that alcohol is an issue for them, theyre 90% of the way there toward taking that first step, Cain said. Thats what it was for me. Id been told by so many people during that decade-plus, Stop, stop doing this. Even so much as getting in trouble all the time because of my addiction and the way I was behaving. That wasnt enough. What it took was for me to say, This is enough.

For anybody thinking that they have a problem with it, or maybe questioning it, theyre so close. Theyre almost there. And they can do it, and its possible. Its so possible.

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Party town: How an alcohol-centered culture is impacting the community's mental health - Summit Daily News

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September 6th, 2021 at 1:47 am

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Five main reasons that running has a positive effect on mental development and study success – AW – Athletics Weekly

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The past decades have brought about a change in attitude towards the concept of exercise and how it benefits our body. Nowadays, we make it a point to allot some hours of exercise in their daily routines.

The most common types of exercises are walking and running and doing these can boost your mental health. Running outdoors lessens the feelings of isolation, depression, stress, and anxiety while improving your sleeping habits.

It transforms your brain for the better

Running is good for your body and mind. It strengthens the former and exercises the latter. With ahealthy mind, you will learn how to focus more and feel more determined to overcome any obstacles that come your way.

You can also gain a different viewpoint of significant and minor challenges in your life while seeing your potential in managing these. Running can help strengthen your will and determination by exposing your body to nature and physical activity.

Missing out on these sessions will affect your daily routine. When you give in to exercise, you will allow more energy in the different parts of your life.

Running can initiate changes within your brain. A study that involved obtaining scans of competitive runners discovered that there were links between the areas of the brain associated with working memory and self-control and the frontal-parietal network.

The researchers of this study have attributed this to the cognitive demands and enhanced cardiovascular ability to run. Moreover, they also established that running might have something to do with the production of healthy cells in the brain.

They believe that running and other forms of exercise are some of the main causes related to the development of new cells in the brain in a process called neurogenesis. Experiments on animal subjects have shown thatdistance runningcan improve cell production.

Further research has also shown that running and training can offer significant brain benefits. There was also a report that focused on individuals involved in interval training and those engaged in a moderately healthy lifestyle.

This report showed that the former (who happened to be athletes) showed the most notable improvements. From this, we can say that running can enhance your ability to easily and rapidly shift between activities that involve mental functions.

Its the best way to spend more time working out

Those who run every day agree that when they run, they can immerse themselves fully in their thoughts and take a break from their studies. Since running relaxes the brain, it is especially beneficial for students.

If you get assigned plenty of homework as part of your education, you would need a break from writing once in a while. If you feel like you dont have enough time because you have too much work,try this online essay serviceby EduBirdie. You can turn to this service only you need online help in writing high-quality content. Since this is a professional service, you can spend more time doing other important things like studying your lessons or going for a run for your health.

It improves your mood to keep you motivated

If youre a regular runner, you would know that running gives you an emotional boost. This is whats called the runners high, a sensation that stimulates feel-good emotions to reduce your stress and elevate your mood.

Researchers in the past believed that the positive feelings that emerge during running happen when the body releases endorphins. But recent studies have shown that endorphins dont pass from the blood to the brain, but they help prevent you from feeling pain in your muscles.

These studies have shown that biochemical substances called endocannabinoids are the ones responsible for feelings of euphoria that are usually associated with runners high.

Endocannabinoids are substances similar to cannabis the body produces naturally. Unlike endorphins, they play a role in neurological communications in the brain.

It will make learning easier, especially if you have help too

Running will surely make your life easier as it will promote the health of your mind, which is essential for your education. As a student in college, you may notice yourself feeling more alert and clearheaded while studying.

But if you struggle with other aspects of your studies like writing essays or other written coursework, you can seek help online. For instance, you canhire law essay writers in the UKfrom Uk.EduBirdie. No matter what your course is, this service will accommodate you.

It helps reduce the risk of depression

Knowing what running improves will make you feel more motivated to make this activity part of your daily routine. Many of todays students indulge in running to enhance their physical and mental fitness.

After immersing yourself in this activity, you will realise that it makes you feel better. You will see an improvement in your mental energy, mood, emotions, and more. All of these lead to the following positive effects:

To further support the concept that running has several benefits to health, a chapter in the 2019 handbook calledSport and Exercise Psychologystated that there is a substantial amount of evidence that supports exercise in the treatment of depression and other mental disorders.

Of course, you dont have torely solely on running if you suffer from depression. This is a serious condition that you need to combat with various medical and alternative approaches.


Including running in your life will boost your overall feeling of happiness. This is a way of making both your mind and body feel better. Running has many incredible benefits on your mental health.

Cory Shilling worked as the college magazine writer and editor and he was popular across the university for his writing skills. Now he works as a full-time professional writer and is one of the top-rated writers for an essay writing website, having served students from all parts of the world. His hobbies are reading literary fiction, playing volleyball and watching anime

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Five main reasons that running has a positive effect on mental development and study success - AW - Athletics Weekly

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September 6th, 2021 at 1:47 am

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Here’s What You Need To Know Before You Start Trading – Entrepreneur

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August 31, 2021 6 min read

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

Forex trading can be a highly profitable way to compound your money. When you trade in the forex market, there are no restrictions on what kind of assets you buy and sell or when the trades happen. It is a simple way for people looking to get into trading at first glance without any overheads and low starting costs as it doesn't require purchases like stocks do; all thats required is that you sign up online and start trading.

Although forex trading can be seen as a high-risk, speculative endeavor, there are many potential benefits such as the ability to hedge against fluctuations in your local currency and make money on global markets regardless of where you live or what language you speak. It's important for beginner traders to not only understand how forex works but to have a proven rule-based strategy that beginners can pick up and execute with ease, says Deflorio.

Check your emotions at the door

Deflorio says after coaching 1,500-plus students, Successful traders need to understand that trading is a game of probabilities. It can be easier said than done when it comes to controlling our emotions, making trading decisions from a place of sound judgment, and staying detached from the outcomes of each trade.

If you are new to trading, one of the most valuable skills to learn is emotional intelligence, where you have a strong ability to understand and manage your emotions. Stay calm and composed, avoid revenge trading or impulsive trades, and ask yourself if you are listening to your heart or head.

Bestselling author Jack D. Schwager interviewed dozens of top traders across most financial markets. In his book Market Wizards: Interviews with Top Traders, his findings from his interviews boiled down to the same essential formula: solid methodology plus proper mental attitude equals trading success. This is the exact mindset that Deflorio and his company Onyx Forex stand by. Given that emotional responses are a natural occurrence in human biology and psychology, no forex trader is immune to them. By having enough awareness, you will learn not to trade out of emotions such as greed, fear, ego, or euphoria as it can come with devastating financial effects and leave you feeling nothing but discouraged.

Seek guidance to avoid costly mistakes

Having a teacher, mentor or guide has been the backbone of many successful careers for generations. When you first begin to explore the currency market, you will stumble across many free resources such as courses, programs or YouTube tutorials. After realising you may be left with more questions than answers, you may find yourself asking yourself should I invest money to learn how to trade?

Stanley Druckenmiller was mentored by George Soros and is now a billionaire hedge fund pioneer. Paul Tudor Jones was mentored by Eli Tullis and is now another billionaire hedge fund manager. It goes without saying that in order to not only grow, but grow at an exceeding rate, guidance from an expert is necessary if youre in it for the long term.

Deflorio, founder of e-learning platform Onyx Forex Trading, sees a gap in the education market for beginner traders, stating, Because there is a massive hole in the industry for beginners, the learning curve is simply portrayed as being too long and too complicated. When we cracked 500 global members, this is when I realized that there is a massive market for beginners who want guidance and results without being promised a broken dream. Deflorio from Sydney, Australia has profited over 370k trading throughout the global pandemic through practicing what he preaches to his customers, hundreds of whom have been able to replace their weekly incomes at their traditional jobs and start a new career in forex trading.

Compounding growth

A compounding growth forex strategy is a gradual capital growth strategy that allows you to turn your earned profits into further profits, similar to a snowballing effect. While this strategy is preferred by some traders, many dont have the patience to implement this kind of long-term strategy but Deflorio from Onyx Forex Trading says this is the most crucial element needed to turn a small initial capital into six figures.

American investor and CEO of Greenhaven associates, Ed Wachenhein says "Compounding is powerful. Warren Buffett did not become one of the wealthiest men in the world by suddenly striking gold in a single highly successful investment, but rather by compounding the value of Berkshire Hathaway at a 20 per cent or so rate for 45 years. If an investor can achieve an average annual return of 20 per cent, then, after 45 years, an initial investment of $1 million will appreciate to $3.6 billion."

Deflorio also uses a compounding approach in his trading strategy, explaining, We realized early on that if we could help everyday people simply mimic our working strategy and break it down in a simple and easy to understand way, we would naturally grow the business. A seemingly small or insignificant event can have an astoundingly large impact if it happens over and over again, as proven with Deflorios results as well as those with his customers.

The forex market is the largest financial market in the world, larger than the stock market, with a daily volume of $6.6 trillion, according to the 2019 Triennial Central Bank Survey of FX and OTC derivatives markets. Given the high liquidity of the forex market, meaning it can be easier to trade than other financial instruments, it is becoming increasingly appealing to those, including myself, who are looking for a lucrative way to earn money from anywhere in the world, with nothing but your laptop and WiFi.

Deflorio has been involved in the forex market for over five years and his company Onyx Forex Trading are the market leaders in beginner trading education.

Note: Forex trading is subject to risk and readers should do their own due diligence. Entrepreneur Media does not endorse any such investment.

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Here's What You Need To Know Before You Start Trading - Entrepreneur

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September 6th, 2021 at 1:47 am

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Voices of Youth: Kalamazoo teens discuss the realities of mental illness and its stigma – Concentrate

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Original artwork by Ella Johnson for Voices of YouthThis story was written by Conner McBryde as part of the Kalamazoo Voices of Youth Program. The art work of the hug is by Voices of Youth participant Ella Johnson. The Voices of Youth program is a collaboration between Southwest Michigan Second Wave and KYD Network.

On a sunny Thursday afternoon at 4 p.m. Elizabeth Collins, 13, walks into her bedroom, sits at her desk, and logs into a Zoom meeting session with her therapist.

Im on neutral grounds about therapy when Im in my room talking to someone who listens to me, says Collins, who struggles with anxiety, ADHD, and grief associated with the death of a grandmother with whom she was very close.

Her bedroom is a judgment-free zone, she says, and the mental health therapy she receives there helps her.

Therapy itself can be very helpful, says Collins. Its nice to talk about anything and everything, ranging from things I was excited for, to how I felt or issues I was having. After going to therapy, I was glad I went.

Professionals say they are working to make access to mental health services for young people better but some teens say its not always easy to find and get started. They also say there is still an age-old stigma attached to receiving treatment and that is felt by today's youth.

Elizabeth Collins has found that therapy has helped her.I mostly see the stigma spread on the Internet, with many people saying things such as mental health problems are just the new trend and arent real, says Collins. Or Ill see someone claim someone else who isnt OK mentally be it depression or anxiety be insane or a danger to society.

She says thats stupid, for one, because it shouldnt be there.

There shouldn't be a stigma about receiving help, she says, With the stigma attached to every aspect of mental health, it can be incredibly harmful to those affected by it. It can inhibit peoples ability to reach out for help due to fear of the stigma.

Georgia Hutton, a 15-year-old Kalamazoo resident who has struggled with anxiety since her parents divorced several years ago, says she thinks theres a lot less stigma attached to seeking therapy than there was when she started a few years ago. She says she's talked to people who told her they went to mental health services and they were ashamed of it.

I was really scared to do it at first because this was like four or five years ago. And it was really stigmatized at the time. But ever since then its become a lot less.

She says she thinks that now its less about how people are treated when it comes to the stigma and more about how people treat the idea of therapy.

It's not commonly talked about so if you talk about it people treat you differently, Hutton says. If anything, the stigma is about talking about therapy more so than therapy itself or going to it.

Georgia Hutton says she thinks there is less stigma attached to seeking therapy than there has been in the past.Christopher Aguinaga, principal of Loy Norrix High School, says, I dont think the stigma has changed. I think teenagers by default want to fit in so the attitude (towards stigma) has changed.

When it comes to negative stigmas, Gretchen Grappone, a licensed clinical social worker and consultant with Atlas Research in Washington, D.C., has identified seven main types that are barriers to people trying to access mental health treatment.

Grappone has said she is happy in her work but has struggled for many years with depression. In a Spring 2017 article for the National Alliance on Mental Illness, she wrote, Besides my symptoms of depression, I faced an additional barrier to school, employment and inclusion in general: unhelpful attitudes from well-intentioned health professionals. In other words, stigmas.

The stigmas she identified involving professionals and others are:

Public stigma This happens when the public endorses negative stereotypes and prejudices resulting in discrimination against people with mental health conditions.

Self-stigmaThis happens when a person with mental illness or substance-use disorder internalizes public stigma.

Perceived stigma The belief that others have negative beliefs about people with mental illness.

Label avoidance This occurs when a person chooses not to seek mental health treatment to avoid being assigned a stigmatized label. It is considered one of the most harmful forms of stigma.

Stigma by association This occurs when the effects of stigma are extended to someone linked to a person with mental health difficulties. It is also known as courtesy stigma or associative stigma.

Structural stigma Institutional policies or other social structures that result in decreased opportunities for people with mental illnesses are considered structural stigma.

Health practitioner stigma This takes place any time a health professional allows stereotypes and prejudices about mental illness to negatively affect a patients care.

Stigma, prejudice, and discrimination against people with mental illness can be subtle or it can be obviousbut no matter the magnitude, it can lead to harm, Borenstein writes. People with mental illness are marginalized and discriminated against in various ways, but understanding what that looks like and how to address and eradicate it can help.

He says public, self, and structural stigmas have a very negative impact on teens self-esteem and social life, and they can create barriers in places like schools.

Emotional disorders can profoundly affect areas like schoolwork and school attendance, according to the World Health Organization. Social withdrawal can exacerbate isolation and loneliness.

Despite the negative perception that therapy may have among some people, there has still been an increase in the number of young people who seek out treatment, whether that be through medication, counseling, or other means.

Data from a study of national trends in mental health care for teens (ages 12-17) showed that from 2005 to 2006 and from 2017 to 2018 there was an increase in the use of outpatient mental health services by 9.2 percent for each of those periods. The study was done by Ramin Mojtabai, of the Department of Mental Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Mark Olfson, of the Department of Psychiatry at Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University.

My first experience with therapy was pretty good, Collins says. I remember being told that my mother had signed me up for therapy only hours before I had to log in (to Zoom) for the appointment. I was slightly apprehensive at first, being as I didnt know quite what to expect. My therapist was very kind, she was patient and always made sure I was comfortable in the situation.

Hutton says she has been in therapy since seventh grade and Ive had three therapists, so its taken a lot of trial and error for me. But its really just like, changed my life because its just been completely helpful.

She says that when her mother suggested therapy to her, she didnt want to do it. But then she had a sort of breakdown.

I have anxiety and depression, clinically diagnosed, Hutton says, and it was really bad before I was able to get help.

So she ultimately asked for help.

The main two triggers for her in middle school were having a dip in her grades. Hutton has been an all-A student. Those made me freak out. And then also when I was in middle school, that was when my parents got their divorce. So that, along with my grades was a huge source of anxiety for me

She said therapy helped clear her mind. It allowed her to talk fully about her experiences with someone who had an unbiased perspective about the situation. And to just have someone to help me break it down and understand what Im going through, how I feel? Like that really, really helped. And it essentially saved my life at a certain point.

While therapy is helpful to some, that is not the case for everyone. Like Toxic Hayes, 16, in Kalamazoo, who saw a therapist off and on since he was 15. He has struggled to deal with a very religious family that has not accepted him as he works to discover his sexual identity. He created the first name for himself as he works to discover himself.

I was really just hoping for it to help me cope with things, he said. But he has had limited success. I know it's all just about finding a good therapist that you trust. But even after seeing three different therapists, none of them had worked.

Of finding a therapist who works for a person and their situation, Hutton says, Its like a guess and check math problem.

Toxic Hayes is working to discover himself.For some, access to proper care is difficult because it may be too expensive and their family doesnt have insurance to cover it.

Without insurance, most people may have to pay for therapy out-of-pocket, according to information provided by the Michigan Counseling Centers. That can be anywhere from $30 to $250 per one-hour session.

Another reason therapy might not work for some are the personal boundaries that people have. Being able to discuss their emotions and issues is no big deal for some people. For others, it can make them feel uncomfortable or weirded out.

I just thought it was weird to talk to a stranger about personal issues, Hayes said.

Some people are prevented from getting the help they need, one therapist says because they dont know where to turn.

Teens often dont know where to turn or how to get connected to therapy, says Tim Henson, director of clinical services for children at Community Healing Centers of Kalamazoo. Some teens that are already feeling alone and disconnected may also struggle to reach out on their own.

Teens may find help at school. The Kalamazoo Public Schools have many ways to access a therapist or some form of mental help. With their student services provides information about a wide range of services such as LGTBQ+ support, career counseling and mental health services (social workers, psychologists, and counselors). Professionals also say information can be found at physicians' offices, local health care clinics, or mental health agencies.

Schools can play a big part in helping young people find their way to needed mental health services. Some possibilities may be introduced through health or psychology classes. Teachers and counselors who are trained in the subject may provide guidance.

Rita Raichoudhuri, superintendent of Kalamazoo Public Schools, is also making an effort when it comes to mental health services in school. In the fall of 2019, teachers started to get more training to help students cope with mental health issues. The training is intended to help teachers improve their skills so they can help young people in a way that integrates that information with students' subjects.

Overall, school-based services demonstrated a small-to-medium effect in decreasing mental health problems, write researchers Sanchez, Cornacchio, Poznanski, Golik, Chou, and Comer.

While it has started to improve in recent years, students have their own opinions on what could be done to better improve schools' response to mental health concerns.

Tim Henson, director of clinical services for children at the Community Healing Centers of Kalamazoo.I feel like I would have school counselors and teachers have resources and pamphlets for students to take and like, do research with, Hutton says. And there should be required mental health education in classes other than health classes.

Henson says, The biggest misconception is that mental health struggles among young people are rare.

Research has shown that one in every five young people will experience a mental health condition, he says. And, he says teens most common struggles are: adjusting to life experiences, depression, and anxiety.

The recent COVID-19 pandemic and the big move to online schooling that accompanied it has had a big impact on many students mental health, school officials have said. The transition from school in real life to virtual learning has been a disruption that has affected some students grades. And some students concentration wavered during online classes.

My grades were doing good, but then online school hit, Hutton said.

Collins asked, How am I expected to pay attention to school at 7 in the morning when there are so many other things that can distract me?

Therapy can be difficult for young people to access, Henson says, Part of that is due to the fear that parents will find out what a young person talks about. However, therapists should always include young people in discussions about what parents will know about sessions. If a youth cannot get a parents permission, there is a law in the state of Michigan that a youth aged 14 or older may request and receive mental health services and a mental health professional may provide mental health services on an outpatient basis without the consent of a parent or guardian. However, it is limited to no more than 12 sessions or four months per request for services.

Collins says, Therapy is valuable to those who benefit from it. It can be incredibly useful to confront what you're feeling and to have someone there with strategies to help you work through it.

Says Hutton, I think the stigma (towards mental health) is very strange as mental healthcare is just that, healthcare. And it (the healthcare) is extremely valuable and important.

Hayes says, I think it (the stigma) should be talked about more, and then people who have mental illness should be listened to. I think therapy is worth it for some people but it's not for everyone and people should find what works best for them.

Conner McBride, 16, is a Junior at Loy Norrix High School. Her mother is a physical therapist at Bronson Hospital and her father is a chemical engineer at Pfizer. She has a younger sister. Her interests include reading, music, baking and cooking, photography, hiking, and traveling. Sleep makes her the happiest and spoilers for a book she is reading make her the saddest. Her career interest is Executive Chef.

EllaJohnson is a Senior at Portage Central High School. Her passions are art, her many animals, and her online business (selling her art and vintageclothing). She plans to attend collegeat North Central Michigan College, majoring in small business. In her free time, she paints and cares for the un-homed population in Kalamazoo. Her plan for the future includes owning a small business using her profits for philanthropy.

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Voices of Youth: Kalamazoo teens discuss the realities of mental illness and its stigma - Concentrate

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‘My mental health is at an all-time low’: Teachers talk of burnout, MOE aware that ‘gaps’ need plugging – CNA

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For Timothy*, who was a secondary school teacher for four years, the anxiety stemmed from not knowing what exactly he needed to do to perform better or maintain his grade.

Id keep doing more to try to fill that gap, and then the disappointment is when (even though) I keep doing more ... Im not performing (better) than another teacher in another school, he said.

Theyre getting a B; Im getting a C-plus. But Im doing more than them, and they always tell me that Im doing way more than them. So how is this fair?

Mrs Chua-Lim said the grades that teachers get shouldnt be a surprise. Work review sessions should happen two times a year at least, so that teachers can improve after the first review if need be.

But hearing the differing experiences shared by teachers, she acknowledged that somehow when it comes to the actual implementation, there are gaps. Now that we know there are gaps, well then make sure that we plug the gaps, she said.

That means the MOE (needs) to work with the reporting officers. For example, in their training, there is a workshop called managing difficult conversations, on how to say what they have to say.

So that at the end of the day, I may give you a grade, you may not be happy, but you can accept it, said Mrs Chua-Lim.

Several teachers, like Paul*, said there are expectations that they demonstrably show that they can deliver beyond their basic teaching duties in order to get better grades.

This is where people are pressured to stage projects and events that have little relevance to teaching and learning, said the secondary school teacher.

This points to a larger systemic issue: That a lot of the pointless stuff we do, like planning sports day ... should be outsourced to either event vendors or specialty officers whose job is to do this stuff.

Stradling multiple roles, said many teachers, is overwhelming.

To fulfilher other co-curricular activity and committee roles, Lisa said she is sometimes so busy she has to stop or delay her marking and her lessons preparations.

Everything becomes very messy (in class) because I didnt finish marking, then I cant give immediate feedback to my kids, and it frustrates me to be short-changing the children, she said.

I truly hate it each time when it comes to the ranking, and (school leaders) start saying that, okay, look, you havent done this and youre going to get this grade.

It makes you feel like your worth is attached to (the grade) and as if youre not doing (well) enough.

While the stressor and struggles are manifold, sometimes the starting point is whether teachers have asked, or been able to ask, for help.

Most people get into teaching because theres a pastoral side to them, said Chong Pao-er, a counsellor from Shan You Counselling Centre and a former teacher. Theres that caring side to them, and interestingly, I find its that group of teachers who get especially burnt out.

Theres absolutely no limit to what (the teachers) can do in that sense.

In Susans staffroom, frustrations are often put on the back burner. The moment someone says, lets do it for the kids, we go, said the upper-secondary teacher. We tell ourselves, stop complaining, lets revamp this, design that, find resources.

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'My mental health is at an all-time low': Teachers talk of burnout, MOE aware that 'gaps' need plugging - CNA

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How to Cope With Anxiety in Our Stressful World – Healthline

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COVID-19 and climate change and elections.

Add to that Afghanistan, masks, wildfires, and hurricanes, and youve got more than a few reasons to recoil as you travel through your daily life.

If it feels like its too much to handle, there are numbers that back up that current collective stress level.

According to Jillian Hughes, a spokesperson for Mental Health America, more clicks than ever have been coming into online stress indicator surveys.

The number of people screening with moderate to severe symptoms of depression and anxiety in the first half of 2021 is similar [to] the number from 2020 and remains higher than the number of people screening at risk prior to COVID-19, Hughes told Healthline.

In the first half of 2021, 79 percent of people who took an anxiety screening exhibited moderate to severe symptoms, and 84 percent of people who took a depression screening scored with moderate to severe symptoms.

The organizations annual State of Mental Health in America report pulls no punches when it declared, Your mental health is worsening.

The COVID-19 pandemic isnt the only thing raising anxiety levels.

Experts say the stress of that singular situation was challenging enough. When you tack on things such as climate change, wildfires, election questions, and war, it can become too much for most of us.

Its time to recognize that we are wired to cope with acute stress well, but not chronic stress, Dr. Marni Chanoff, an integrative psychiatrist at McLean Hospital in Massachusetts, told Healthline.

Chronic stressors, over time, can lead to a depletion of our ability to cope, Chanoff said, and even push us toward or into depression.

With all that is going on in the world, she said, everyone may be feeling some anxiety, stress, or both.

It does vary from person to person, Chanoff said. We all have specific things that worry us more and make us feel a loss of control over our lives.

For each one of us now, there are several potential stressors, she added.

Dr. Cynthia Ackrill, FAIS, a board member of the American Institute of Stress, said this pressure is being felt throughout the country.

So many of us feel out of control, she told Healthline. Half the nation is on fire and the other half is under water.

C. Vaile Wright, PhD, senior director for healthcare innovation with the American Psychological Association, said we could, as a society, be facing a second pandemic: a mental health pandemic.

If the research we are seeing holds, weve got a (mental health) pandemic on our hands, Wright told Healthline.

Part of the reason could be the focus on the current pandemic, she noted.

Part of the issue is that from being in a pandemic, all our focus has been on physical health, Wright said. There has been no Mental Health Dr. Fauci.

Dr. Vivian B. Pender, president of the American Psychiatric Association, said she believes this could be one of the most stressful times for people in recent history.

Virtually no one alive has ever experienced a worldwide pandemic, she told Healthline.

Pender pointed out the fears of parents of schoolchildren, the emotional and physical challenges of working on the front lines, and the constant flow of information on everything as fuel to the fire that can be anxiety.

Whats a person to do?

People are so burned out, Pender said, and what I tell people is that its just so important to take care of yourself.

Experts have a number of recommendations for coping.

Pender suggests doing a self-checkup. Ask yourself how youre doing. Are you tired, anxious, depressed? Use what you see in yourself to take action.

She also recommends limiting your exposure. That means cutting back on your television and social media time.

Especially before bedtime. Sleep is really important, and turning off your phone (and any other device) an hour before sleep will help, Pender said.

Ackrill said people shouldnt assume theyre alone in this battle.

Some of us are more resilient, but most of us are struggling, she said. Dont assume that the person beside you is doing better.

It has taken enormous effort to face all of this, Ackrill added. Nobody has not spent energy on it. Even processing the news. I dont know who can watch the Afghanistan story and not be impacted. No matter what you believe, human suffering is painful to see.

Pender also recommends getting regular exercise. And dont think that means you must sign up for a gym or a sports league.

Rather, find time to get outside and walk or garden anything simple that brings you fresh air and makes you move.

Dont overthink it or overdo it, she said, because all that will do is add stress.

She also urges people not to turn to substances for relief. Alcohol, drugs, or smoking is not the solution, she said.

Chanoff suggests that people focus inwardly. She recommends having daily activities to keep on an even keel.

Focus on finding your own sense of strength, she said.

To do that, she suggests, each day, find some slow, quiet, and still time to connect with your clear, strongest self.

In addition, Chanoff suggests to reach outward. Rather than retreat to your own private world, people should connect with like-minded others to make a difference.

We cannot bury our heads in the sand, she said. Connect actively to help (whatever situation is stressing you out). Finding a community with common values and goals is a good step.

Chanoff also suggests building your own mental health toolbox.

In it, you can have free guided meditations, a balanced diet, and outside time every day.

I am a big proponent of helping people realize they have the power to take control of their lives, she said.

Remember, the experts say, that you may not feel normal because none of this really is normal.

We are dealing with real existential threats, Chanoff said. Climate change, tornadoes, wildfires, and thats just local. These are tricky times.

A good plan, she said, may be to not expect to necessarily feel like you once did, at least not yet.

There are waves of stress, fear, and anxiety coming at us, Chanoff said. Its a lot like grief.

She added that people may need to understand that theyll have harder days than others and not always move ahead in a straight line.

Im finding that now, she said. People are like, OK, I think I can cope. And then other days they are back to I just cant.

While community, friends who can listen, and family who cares all help, sometimes a person needs more.

If youre feeling like your symptoms are impacting your ability to function, if theyre getting in the way of you showing up however you need to show up, you should seek help, Chanoff said.

If you notice changes in mood, sleep, eating, activity, or enjoyment, and it lasts 2 solid weeks, you need to talk to someone, Pender said.

She said people can reach out to caring friends for an ear. But often, a mental health expert is needed.

Her great hope? That this time of mental health instability for many people helps the world understand mental health better and treat it more effectively in the future.

Its totally normal not to feel OK right now, Pender said. I say: Nervous is the new normal.

I hope that helps the stigma decrease and fade away, she said.

If everyone is feeling nervous, perhaps well see less discrimination around mental health, she added, because just about everyone has a mental health challenge right now.

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‘Toxic positivity’: Why it is important to live with negative emotions – The Conversation CA

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It is almost impossible to go on Facebook or Instagram without seeing quotes or comments accompanied with motivational words such as, Look on the bright side, Focus on the good things, or Be positive.

If anything, the pandemic has exacerbated the phenomenon of toxic positivity. In Qubec, the famous catchphrase, Its going to be OK, is undoubtedly one of the best known examples of this.

Though well-intentioned, these phrases can end up creating more distress instead of helping. Why? Because they are examples of toxic positivity, a school of thought that operates on the principle that one should always have a positive attitude, even when things get difficult.

As a doctoral student in psychology, I am interested in internalized symptoms (depression, anxiety and social withdrawal) and externalized symptoms (delinquency, violent, oppositional/defensive, disruptive and impulsive behaviours). I believe it is important to focus on the negative consequences of emotional invalidation and to understand why we need to live with our negative emotions.

When a person talks about what they are feeling, their main goal is usually to validate their emotions, to understand and accept the emotional experience. In contrast, emotional invalidation involves ignoring, denying, criticizing or rejecting another persons feelings.

Several studies have looked at the effects of emotional invalidation. The conclusions are clear: it is very harmful to mental health. People who experience emotional invalidation are more likely to have depressive symptoms.

Emotional invalidation has many negative effects. A person who is regularly invalidated may have difficulty accepting, controlling and understanding their emotions.

Whats more, people who expect their emotions to be invalidated are less likely to exhibit psychological flexibility, which is the ability to tolerate difficult thoughts and emotions and to resist unnecessarily defending oneself.

The more psychological flexibility a person has, the more they are able to live with their emotions and to get through difficult situations. For example, in the aftermath of a breakup, a young man feels anger, sadness and confusion. His friend listens to him and validates him. The man then normalizes his conflicting feelings and understands that the feelings will not last forever.

In contrast, another man going through the same type of breakup doesnt understand his feelings, feels ashamed and fears losing control of his emotions. His friend invalidates him and wont listen to him. The man then tries to suppress his emotions, which creates anxiety and can even lead to depression.

These two examples, drawn from the study Processes underlying depression: Risk aversion, emotional schemas, and psychological flexibility by American psychologists and researchers Robert L. Leahy, Dennis Tirch and Poonam S. Melwani, are neither rare nor harmless. The avoidance reaction, which involved doing everything possible to avoid experiencing negative emotions, is often amplified by the people around us.

Some people are so affected by other peoples unhappiness that just seeing this sadness makes them unhappy. This is why they react by making positive comments. However, the ability to live with our emotions is essential. Suppressing or avoiding them does not solve anything. In fact, trying to avoid negative emotions at all costs does not bring about the desired effect on the contrary, the emotions tend to return more often, and more intensely.

Unfortunately, humans are not designed to be positive all the time. On the contrary, we are more likely to recall bad memories. This probably goes back to a time, ages ago, when our survival depended on our reflex to avoid danger. A person who ignored signs of danger, even once, could end up in a catastrophic or even deadly situation.

Read more: Mindfulness meditation in brief daily doses can reduce negative mental health impact of COVID-19

In this article, Bad is stronger than good, the authors, both psychologists, explain how in evolutionary history the organisms that were better at identifying danger were more likely to survive threats. So the most alert among human beings had a higher probability of passing on their genes. The result is that we are in some ways programmed to pay attention to potential sources of danger.

This phenomenon is known as the negativity bias. Research has identified four manifestations of this bias that allow us to better understand it. One of these manifestations is linked to the vocabulary we use to describe negative events.

In a phenomenon called negative differentiation, it turns out that the vocabulary we have to describe negative events is much richer and more varied than the vocabulary used to describe positive events. In addition, negative stimuli are generally interpreted as more elaborate and differentiated than are positive ones.

The vocabulary used to describe physical pain is also much more complex than that used to describe physical pleasure. Another example: parents find it easier to judge their babies negative emotions than their positive emotions.

Negative emotions are a product of human complexity and are as important as positive ones.

The next time someone confides in you about their emotions, if you dont know what to say, opt for listening and emotional validation. Use expressions like, It looks like you had a hard day, or, It was hard, wasnt it?

Its worth noting that being positive is not always synonymous with toxic positivity the goal of which is to reject and avoid everything negative and only see the positive side of things. An example of positive and validating language is, It is normal to feel the way you do after such a serious event, lets try to make sense of it. Toxic positivity, on the other hand, sounds more like, Stop seeing the negative side, think about the positive things instead.

Finally, if you are unable to validate and listen, refer the person to a mental health professional who will know how to help them.

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‘Magic in misery’: the ultrarunners tackling the Spartathlon, the world’s toughest race – The Times

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Think the London Marathon sounds challenging? Later this month, 400 athletes embark on a 153-mile, 36-hour endurance test in Greece. They tell Nick Rufford why they do it

A competitor in the 2018 Spartathlon


Sunday September 05 2021, 12.01am, The Sunday Times

Shortly before she collapsed from heat and exhaustion, Sophie Power was having the time of her life. The 39-year-old from Guildford had been running for 36 hours and her sun-scorched skin was caked in road dust. Ice that shed stuffed down her sports bra at a rest stop had long ago melted and she was limping from a swelling in her left leg. Yet the tears that rolled down her face as she reached the finish were tears of joy.

My eyes are welling up now, just remembering, says Power, who was revived by medics at a temporary field hospital. It was just so hard, and it was my first big race after becoming a mother. Suddenly I felt that I wasnt only a mum,

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'Magic in misery': the ultrarunners tackling the Spartathlon, the world's toughest race - The Times

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Olsen and Bauer win 16-mile, 8-mile Sneaker Chase on Casper Mountain Saturday – Oil City News

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By Oil City Staff on July 26, 2021

CASPER, Wyo. 138 participants finished either the 8- or 16-mile course at the 9th annual Skunk Hollow Sneaker ChaseSaturday. Participants completed either one or two course laps on the Casper Mountain Trails System.

Molly Olsen won the 16-miler for the second year in a row with a time of 2:11:23, followed by Steven Armstrong and Justin Kinner. 32 runners did the 16-mile course.

Ethan Bauer was first of 106 finishers on the 8-miler, finishing with a time of 1:03. He was followed by Amber Thielbar and Jarod McDaniel.

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Top finishing times were a bit slower this year. Mike Diesburg, the race director, said that may be due to the course direction. Every year, the direction alternates. He said the clockwise direction means punchier, steeper climbs.

Mike Diesburg is founder of the 307 Running LLC, and is also active on the Casper Ultra and Trail Running Society. He said hes particuarly happy with the roughly equal mix of men and women who compete in his event.

In some high-profile ultra-distance events there are as few as 15 women out of 150 competitors. The Skunk Hollow turnout this year was 56% women and 44% women: Thats something were kind of proud of.

He noted that, as race distances become longer, gender and age tend to factor less in who finishes well.

They know their bodies better, Diesburg said of older runners. They know when to push it and not push it. They know how to train better.

Women, he noted are less prone to blast off at the start line: they ease back and theyre so consistent.

MikeDiesburg was encouraged to hear that people who attended just to support family and friends were inspired to take up running again: It kind of motivates them, so thats a positive.

Diesburg said the key to success in distance running, beyond training and nutrition, is attitude.

If you have a positive attitude and good mental strength, youll do well.

Read more about the event and Caspers running scene here. More photos are available on the events Facebook page.

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