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4 of the best ways to treat diabetes and lower blood sugar – Insider – INSIDER

Posted: August 15, 2020 at 5:50 pm


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No matter what type of diabetes you have, the goal of diabetes treatment is to control blood sugars and keep them within the healthy range.

Type 1 diabetes must be treated with insulin, since the pancreas does not produce insulin naturally. People with type 2 or gestational diabetes don't always need insulin treatment, and will often focus on lifestyle changes and oral medications that encourage insulin production or decrease insulin resistance.

With proper access to healthcare, diabetes is highly treatable, says Katherine Araque, MD, an endocrinologist and director of endocrinology of the Pacific Neuroscience Institute at Providence Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California.

Here are the four main ways you can treat and manage your diabetes.

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas in healthy individuals. It helps facilitate the process of converting blood sugar into fuel, so that glucose doesn't build up in the blood.

In people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce insulin, so they need synthetic insulin. This can happen in two ways:

People with type 2 diabetes are treated with insulin when they are unable to control their blood glucose levels with lifestyle changes and medication. Overall, roughly 24% of people with diabetes are treated with insulin, according to a 2018 study published in Diabetes Care.

If you need insulin, your doctor will provide specific guidance on how much you need and when you should take it.

Although people with type 1 diabetes will need insulin, they may also be prescribed medication if they have some remaining pancreas function. The medication can encourage insulin production in the body.

People with type 2 diabetes are prescribed medication when they can't control their blood sugars through diet and exercise. Oftentimes, people with type 2 diabetes use more than one medication to control their condition.

However, medications are usually not recommended for pregnant people with gestational diabetes.

Common medications used to treat diabetes include:

Metformin is the most common medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It's sometimes used to treat type 1 diabetes in people who still have some insulin production, along with insulin.

Metformin helps control blood sugar by making it easier for the body to absorb glucose. It's usually taken twice a day, with meals. Even when used alone, metformin can reduce A1C levels by 1.5% on average, which is enough to drop blood sugar levels from diabetes to prediabetes.

Sulfonylureas are a class of drugs that encourage the pancreas to release more insulin. They're used to treat type 2 diabetes. They are often taken once or twice a day before meals.

Sulfonylureas have a similar efficacy to metformin, and can be used alongside it.

TZDs make it easier for the body to use insulin; they reduce insulin resistance. They can be used to treat type 2 diabetes. They are taken 1 to 2 times per day.

After a year of taking TZDs, people with type 2 diabetes reduced their A1C levels by 1.4%, according to a 2019 study published in Vascular Health Risk Management.

Exercise is important for people with all types of diabetes. "Exercise helps at multiple levels: it increases base metabolic rate, fights insulin resistance, and helps with weight loss," says Araque.

Exercise helps muscles burn glucose and reduces insulin resistance. When you exercise, your muscles burn more glucose, removing it from the bloodstream and helping to lower blood sugar levels.

For example, a 2017 study published in Biomedical Research followed 120 obese teens, who did two hours of aerobic exercise twice a day for six days a week. After five weeks, their average fasting blood sugar was reduced by 0.84 nanomoles per liter (nmol/L) for males and 1.04 nmol/L for females. The researchers described this as "an extremely significant difference."

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people with diabetes get the normally recommended amount of exercise: 150 minutes of exercise each week, including two days of strength workouts that incorporate major muscle groups. The American Diabetes Association recommends starting with small changes, like walking daily.

Any exercise will help, but some may be especially beneficial. For example, a 2019 study published in Diabetologia found that afternoon exercise decreased blood sugars more than morning exercise.

Overall, you should work with your doctor to identify an exercise program that will benefit you, Araque says.

Healthy eating is critical for people with diabetes. As food breaks down, it releases glucose into your blood. Some foods, including processed sugars and carbohydrates, raise blood sugars more than other foods, like proteins or leafy vegetables.

In particular, people with diabetes need to be aware of how many carbs they eat per day. They should also create an eating plan that includes the following:

For example, the DASH diet and Mediterranean diet which both emphasize healthy fats, lean protein, protein and vegetables have been proven to help people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes control blood sugar.

Read more about the best ways to eat if you have diabetes:

Diabetes is a chronic but manageable condition, Araque says. People with diabetes should work with their doctor, nutritionist, and an exercise professional to design a program that meets their needs.

"The most important message is if they follow these recommendations they can get this under control and decrease risk for complications," Araque says. "Patients should have hope."

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

Expert answers to your health and wellness questions – Argus Leader

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Jayme Smid, Fitness column Published 8:57 p.m. CT Aug. 13, 2020

Jayme Smid(Photo: Jill Meier/Brandon Valley Challenger)

Question: Im trying to keep myself healthy and lose some unwanted weight, but isnt it risky to workout at a gym right now?

Answer: Great question! We are hearing a lot of concern (and rightfully so as its important to be cautious when it comes to exposing ourselves to germs) but studies are showing that gyms and health clubs are an overall healthy place to be! We are fortunate as we are one business that has always required members to sanitize their surroundings before and after use (so cleaning around the clock is not new to us!). What we are finding as an industry is that we can help our members boost their immune system, drop the unwanted pounds, and maintain andbuild muscle mass all while staying safe and healthy. A study by Nutrisystem recently revealed that 68% of Americans have gained 16 pounds or more since March 2020. Another study by FitBit shows that daily activity/exercise is down over 20%. Unfortunately, these statistics are worrisome for our nation. As a fitness professional, I know the biggest ways to boost an immune system are by regular exercise, a healthy diet, andproper sleep. A combination of those 3 items (in my opinion) is your best bet at avoiding and/or beating coronavirus! So, I would encourage you to take a look at your routine. How can you better fit in exercise, what changes can you begin to make to your diet, and how can you get a few extra zzzs? If you are needing some extra help and accountability, reach out to your local gym, find an accountability buddy, or set some new goals. It is more important than ever before to put our health first!

Jayme Smid is the club manager at Anytime Fitness in Brandon. To submit a question for future articles, please contact the author at jayme.Smid@anytimefitness.com

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

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Weight loss: A woman shed a whopping 8st 12lb and dropped four dress sizes with diet plan – Express

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Taking weight loss tips from those who have slimmed down can be a great way to start a transformation. One woman has opened up about the diet plan that helped her drop four dress sizes.

Della Waterfield, from Birmingham, knew she had gained weight but was shocked when she stepped on the scale.

Weighing in at 20st 6lb and a UK size 22, she decided enough was enough and it was time to get into shape and improve her health.

She said: "When I first stood on the scales and saw I was over 20st I was mortified.

"I felt sad and ashamed that I had let myself get to this stage. I hated myself."

READ MORE:Emmerdale star Lisa Riley shed a staggering 12 stone

Previously filling up on high calorie convenience foods, Della tried to find a diet plan that was just as quick and easy.

She said: "Feeling defeated but very determined we visited my local Superdrug and purchased SlimFast.

"I wanted a simple effect plan and I knew that SlimFast was a trusted brand so thought I would give it a go.

"The first week was a challenge, I had so many bad habits that I needed to change but following the SlimFast 3.2.1 Plan made it super simple.

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"Before starting the plan, I would struggle with what to have for breakfast and lunch, and would often end up having quick high calorie options."

The plan she followed allows dieters to eat six times a day, picking from a combination of snacks and meal replacements.

Those on the plan can also fill up with one healthy and balanced meal per day.

"Following the SlimFast plan has taken the stress away," Della continued.

"I quickly got into the habit of having a caramel shake for breakfast then a Chocolate Crunch Meal Replacement Bar for Lunch and a healthy 600 calorie dinner."

The slimmer quickly noticed the weight drop off and her confidence started to improve.

Kicking off her transformation with the SlimFast plan, Della soon added in regular exercise and joined a gym.

She continued: "I began losing weight steadily and consistently.

"Pretty soon I felt confident enough to start going to the gym and being more active, something that I would never have had the confidence to do before."

During her transformation, Della managed to lose a staggering 8st 12lb.

She slimmed down to 11st 8lb and a trim size 14.

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Weight loss: A woman shed a whopping 8st 12lb and dropped four dress sizes with diet plan - Express

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

The only two diets most people are able to maintain in the long run – Times of India

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The first thing that comes to your mind when you decide to lose weight is going on a diet. We all feel following a diet is the best way to shed to extra kilos. With so many diet plans in question, you naturally want to choose something that promises quicker results and is also not too difficult to follow, right? Most often, people fail to follow diet plans that are restrictive (let's be honest - most diet plans are). Moreover, these diets help one lose weight faster but the lost weight comes back the moment you go off that diet.

Diet plans fail because apart from offering limited options to eat, there is also a lot of effort involved in preparing the meals and keeping up with the timings. All this needs a lot of planning and preparation in order for the diet to go right.

As per research, the DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet are the two sustainable diets that promise to keep your heart healthy and is also good for people suffering with hypertension in the long run.

The DASH and Mediterranean diet do not want you to focus or avoid any macronutrient (fats and carbs). Instead, the two diets help you make better food choices overall.

Most diets are restrictive and built around the concept of blocking out food items or even groups altogether. But psychologically, as soon as we are told not to eat something, that is exactly what we want to eat it.

The DASH and Mediterranian diet work the opposite way. The diets focus on what to include and limits the intake of processed foods, sugar and alcohol.

The DASH diet focuses on daily and weekly nutritional goals. As the diet name says, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension. The diet limits the foods that are high in saturated fats, full-fat dairy and tropical oils.

The diet focuses on lowering blood pressure by increasing the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables.

The Mediterranean diet is inspired by the eating habits of people living in the Mediterranean region. It encourages you to choose dairy, fish and poultry over red meat and using olive oil as a source of monounsaturated fats. Furthermore, it focuses on heavy consumption of fruits, vegetables, potatoes, nuts, seeds, beans as per the American Heart Association.

The added benefit of the diet is that it allows limited intake of red wine. The diet focuses less on the quantity consumed and more on the quality of the food.

The diet is high in healthy fats and natural fibres. The diet focuses on eating minimally processed plant-based foods such as grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, which have a handsome amount of protein.

Unlike many diets, both Mediterranean and DASH diets do not focus on eating or avoiding a particular macronutrient like fat or carbs. The only matter is choosing high-quality foods.

Though most diets have a bad reputation, you can still try these two diet plans. Sometimes, these diets can help you get started and change your habits for the better.

The diet you adopt should become a way of your life. And do not forget to pair your diet with regular exercise as that is the key to a healthy and fit life.

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The only two diets most people are able to maintain in the long run - Times of India

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

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Cambridgeshire urged to ‘back Covid-beating initiatives’ | Huntingdon and St Neots News – Hunts Post

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Mayor James Palmer blasted those he claims are trying to misunderstand the Governments careful balance of Covid-beating initiatives.

He said there was a dual aim of trying to jumpstart the economy and secure jobs and on the other, to protect life and suppress the spread of this dangerous virus.

He used as an example those who decry the hugely popular and rather imaginative Eat Out to Help Out campaign whilst pointing to a simultaneous effort to urge overweight people to drop a few pounds.

Im sorry, I just dont see a clash, he said. It isnt Either/Or. Enjoying a once-in-a-while meal subsidised by the Chancellor doesnt mean we cant also improve our diet, exercise more, and shed superfluous ballast so we can fight Covid if we get infected.

Mayor Palmer said: Whats really new and important is the rising evidence that people carrying less fat seem to be surviving Covid more frequently and recovering more quickly. So, I think most reasonable people would agree that we should just step up and shed our excess baggage.

Changing our commuting habits will also leave a lighter, greener footprint, then we can help reduce pollution as well.

He said the summer provides an opportunity to build our resilience.

From fat to fit, its our chance to get healthy before winter hits with the fistful of bugs that were told could complicate Covid and put us at avoidable risk, he said.

So those who make a fuss about wearing masks and social distancing, or try to pick holes in campaigns that are striving to strike the tricky balance between protection and freedom, between health and wealth, surely need to get with the programme.

Its not rocket science, its simple common sense. And community sense.

Mayor Palmer added: We cant relax. We need to care for ourselves and our community just as much now as we did in March.

The furlough scheme is winding down, recession is biting, and job losses are on the rise.

Each of us has the personal and economic power to help fight back by making a targeted effort to shop locally and keep businesses afloat.

Every pound we spend strengthens our communitys ability to thrive and every pound we lose strengthens our health, and our own ability to survive.

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Cambridgeshire urged to 'back Covid-beating initiatives' | Huntingdon and St Neots News - Hunts Post

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

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Ayesha Curry Shares the Diet and Workout Tips That Helped Her Lose 35 Pounds – Prevention.com

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Ayesha Curry is one busy womancoming up with healthy recipes for her bestselling cookbooks, taking care of her kiddos, and keeping up with her health goals while quarantining at home due to COVID-19.

The Canadian-American actress recently showed off her strong figure in an Instagram photo after losing 35 pounds, saying she did it her way. The 31-year-old celebrity cook and TV personality demonstrated a perfect squat in two photos, wearing a pink sports bra and compression shorts.

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In the caption, she wrote that her healthy lifestyle is for her and for her loved ones, which of course include the three children she has with husband and NBA star Stephen Curry.

I started my fitness journey because I wanted to be strong and healthy for myself and the people who depend on me, she wrote. But it was important that I did it my way, which meant I needed working out to fit in my life, not take me away from it.

While Curry has partnered up with Fitbit this summer for a new exclusive series, she also tells Yahoo Canada Lifestyle that the premium subscription has helped her stay on track with her exercise goals. It was great while I was traveling and out of my routineI was able to tap into the vast library workout content anytime, anywhere so I didnt fall off track, she says.

On top of that, shes managed her health by doing everything from quick 10-minute workouts to creating yummy and healthy recipes. Below, Curry explains the small changes that helped with her weight loss journey and helpful tips that kept her on track.

Despite having a hectic schedule, Curry began her fitness journey by carving out timeeven just a few minutesto exercise. While Curry mentioned that she "hates the term balance," she says the best approach is to make every workout session work for you.

I dont think theres any formula that works for everyone, but I do believe that creating time for yourself to exercise is never time wasted, she says.

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A few quick exercises that she likes to tackle for a weight and cardio combo? Workouts that focus on core body strength, legs and glutes, arm circuits, and HIIT bodyweight workouts, to name a few. Some of her workouts will actually be available on the Fitbit app, she says, but theyre a constant in her personal workout routine.

In the past, Curry revealed that her workout routine involves HIIT, floor exercises, and cardio. And as you can tell, all of these can be done without workout machines (although, theres nothing wrong with hitting the gym)!

Get yourself some simple equipment, such as two and three-pound weights, resistance bands, a good, cushy mat, and a bench or chair. Im very into bodyweight, so I dont need much, equipment-wise, Curry says.

Although Curry revealed in an Instagram Story, that shes down 35 pounds, and very happy to be, she refuses to follow strict diets as part of her routine. Instead, she practices mindful eatingwith a heavy focus on nutritious foodsand eating in moderation.

Im really into portion control over any kind of diet, and try to stick to nourishing, delicious food in moderation, she explains.

What kind of delicious food? Well, the celebrity chef definitely knows how to turn veggies into a whole, exciting meal that her entire family will enjoy. If it isnt yummy, you know you wont want to eat it on rotation.

Curry fondly says were a green veggies family due to the amount of healthy greens she incorporates into their meal planfrom asparagus to broccoli to Brussels sprouts. But its how she cooks them that makes our mouths drool.

I like to roast them on high heat to give everything a nice char and enhance the flavor of the veg, she says. Theres nothing I love more than a one-pot/one sheet pan dinner, so most nights Ill season up a protein and roast it alongside the vegetables.

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However, if shes just craving some good ol comfort food, she simply lightens up the ingredients to give it a healthier kick. Curry tells Yahoo Lifestyle Canada that chicken parm is a nostalgic meal for her since it was one of the first meals she made for her husband when they first began dating. I do a lighter breading using panko instead of regular bread crumbs, and whip up a super-fast and fresh tomato sauce for the topping, she explains.

Oh, and theres that glorious cheat meal. Curry said she changed her entire diet (except for Sundays). Same.

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August 15th, 2020 at 5:50 pm

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5 whole-grain foods you must include in your diet to stay healthy, lose weight – Times Now

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5 whole-grain foods you must include in your diet to stay healthy, lose weight |  Photo Credit: iStock Images

New Delhi: New Delhi: Anyone who undertook their fitness journey may have already brushed up the basics by now, and must know how important it is to eat right in order to lose weight and be healthy. Contrary to popular belief that exercise helps a person lose weight, anyone who has experienced it first hand can vouch for the fact that eating healthily is key to getting in shape and staying healthy.

One of the most popular foods that are talked about when a conversation about fitness or eating healthy happens are whole-grain foods. We often hear/read people, medical professionals, and health blogs talk about the importance of whole-grain foods in our diet.

Whole grains, as the name suggests, contain all parts of the grain the bran, endosperm, and the germ. Whole grains are very healthy, as they not only contain several nutrients, they are also rich in fibre, minerals, protein, and plant compounds.

Apart from helping in weight loss and reducing the risk of obesity, whole grains can help keep your heart healthy, reduce risk of stroke, lower risk of and help in diabetes management, reduce inflammation, and may also help keep chronic diseases such as cancer at bay.

While there are a variety of whole grains that you can choose from, some of the most popular, widely consumed, and beneficial ones are listed below.

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Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.

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5 whole-grain foods you must include in your diet to stay healthy, lose weight - Times Now

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August 14th, 2020 at 11:53 pm

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Adele weight loss: Singers royal-approved intense pilates workout that helped lose 7st – Express

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Someone Like You singer Adele was well known for her signature look when she first shot to fame with her incredible voice, thanks to her voluminous hair and sixties-style eyeliner flicks. But the star has made headlines with her appearance in recent months for a very different reason. Adele showed off her seven stone weight loss on Instagram with a birthday snap - and fans dubbed her unrecognisable as they praised her new look.

The dramatic change has wowed the singers fans, after she posted the photo in May following a break from social media.

Adele had last shared a photo at Christmas in 2019, looking notably slimmer - but five months later she revealed the results of her weight loss journey in a little black dress.

The star reportedly used the Sirtfood Diet to help shed the pounds, a diet which focuses on sirtfoods which help to activate the so-called skinny gene.

The specific list of foods contains sirtuins, a group of proteins which have been shown to regulate metabolism.

However, the diet, which was created by two celebrity nutritionists in the UK, also involves a lot of calorie restriction as part of a rapid weight loss plan over the course of three weeks.

READ MORE:Experts behind Adeles diet say pizza and champagne is on the menu

But while Adeles successful weight loss has largely been put down to diet, it seems the star has also been getting fitter as part of her new health kick.

Its been revealed that she regularly goes to pilates classes - and shes not the only famous face to enjoy it.

The LA-based star has reportedly been attending her local class with Meghan Markle, who also loves the calming exercise.

The pair live just around the corner from each other now that Meghan and Prince Harry have set up home in their exclusive Beverly Hills neighborhood.

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A source close to the two famous friends said: "Meghan and Adele have been having Pilates lessons. They are loving it.

"The instructor has also been giving lessons to Harry. It's a great stress-buster," they told the Mirror.

Pilates is a low-impact exercise which helps to build strength and flexibility, and is particularly good for recovering after injury.

Though similar to yoga, it tends to be at a slightly faster pace and has fewer spiritual connotations.

However, its thought to be a very specific type of pilates that the celebrity friends do in order to stay toned.

Adele is said to be a fan of reformer pilates, just like the Duchess of Sussex.

The Hello singer apparently began the classes with The X Factor judge Ayda Field, who is married to Take That star Robbie Williams.

The stars trained with pilates teacher Camila Goodis at the couples swanky LA home.

The all-over body workout uses a machine which adds resistance to the usual pilates movements - making it far more intense.

Meghan Markle has previously revealed she is a fan of the Megaformer, which is an even more advanced reformer pilates machine.

The Megaformer was designed by trainer and CEO of Lagree Fitness, Sebastien Legree, and aims to add cardio to the resistance exercise for a low intensity workout that really makes you sweat.

Meghan has commented before that the class is hands down the best thing you could do for your body, saying that youll notice a difference after just two classes.

As well as pilates, Adele has been working with a personal trainer to get fit - but he said its not just about weight loss for the star.

Pete Geracimo took to Instagram to talk about his work with the singer.

"When Adele and I started our journey together, it was never about getting super skinny, he said.

"It was about getting her healthy. Especially post pregnancy and post surgery.

He noted that they were getting her ready for a gruelling tour schedule after her album 25 was released.

"She embraced better eating habits and committed to her fitness and 'is sweating'! I could not be prouder or happier for her!

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August 14th, 2020 at 11:53 pm

How to lower your blood sugar quickly and what to do if it’s an emergency – Insider – INSIDER

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If you have diabetes, your body isn't able to regulate blood sugar properly, either because the pancreas doesn't produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the body has become resistant to it (type 2 diabetes).

As a result, people with diabetes have to carefully manage their blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medications to make sure it stays in a healthy range.

But sometimes, blood sugar can become too high. In many of these cases, people with diabetes will be able to quickly lower blood sugar on their own, by taking more insulin. However, other times, they may need to visit the ER for immediate medical attention.

Here's how to tell if your blood sugar is too high and what you'll need to do in order to lower it quickly.

People with diabetes are considered to have high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, if blood glucose levels are higher than:

While there are other conditions that can cause hyperglycemia, it is most commonly linked to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. That's why it is important for people with diabetes to check their blood sugar using blood glucose meters with the goal of keeping levels from getting too low or too high.

In addition, there are other signs and symptoms of high blood sugar you might notice.

The most common symptoms of hyperglycemia are:

"If someone has hyperglycemia, it would mean they would be very thirsty, tired, they might be urinating more frequently and basically not feeling well," says Sam Zager, M.D. a family medicine physician in Maine.

Hyperglycemia is not automatically an emergent situation. Anyone with diabetes knows high blood sugar readings will happen, and it's okay, as long as it doesn't last too long or get too high.

If it does occur, here are a few ways to quickly lower blood sugar on your own:

Insulin can be used to treat acute cases of high blood sugar for people with diabetes.

People with type 1 diabetes (who always use insulin) and some people with type 2 diabetes (who sometimes use insulin) can give themselves an extra dose of insulin to quickly lower their blood sugar to safer levels. How much to take depends on the situation and what your doctor recommends.

When you have high blood sugar, you may experience frequent urination as your body tries to get rid of the extra glucose. Losing this fluid can cause dehydration and make hyperglycemia symptoms even worse.

It's important to drink water when you have hyperglycemia in order to stay hydrated and help your body regulate and lower blood sugar. But drinking lots of water won't necessarily lower blood sugar on its own. For more information, read about how much water you're supposed to drink a day.

Exercise isn't always the safest or most effective way to quickly lower blood sugar. It is important to note that exercise only works if there is insulin present, whether naturally or through injection, so that glucose can get into the cells to be metabolized.

If there is no insulin, your body will start burning fat for energy, and this could lead to a dangerous condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. People with type 1 diabetes should not exercise if they have hyperglycemia.

However, exercise can lower blood sugar for most people with diabetes it just shouldn't be used in emergency situations. In a 2013 study in the journal Diabetes Care, more than 5,000 people with diabetes recorded their blood glucose levels before and after exercising for as little as 10 minutes. Overall, more than 75% of people saw their level decrease an average of about 17%.

Overall, Zager says that exercise is important for managing diabetes, but warns that it isn't a great short-term fix. For more information on how to control blood sugars in the long-term, learn about the 6 best ways to lower blood sugar naturally.

For people with type 1 diabetes, untreated high blood sugar can lead to a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA.

When there is no insulin and glucose can't get into cells, your body starts breaking down fat into a fuel called ketones. If ketones build up in your blood, it becomes dangerously acidic. DKA can cause very serious health complications such as fluid building up in the brain, kidney failure, and cardiac arrest.

If your blood sugar is above 240 mg/dL, you should check your urine for ketones, a sign you may be at risk for DKA. You can do this with an at home test, but you also should contact your doctor. If there are ketones in your urine, you should go to the emergency room. Other symptoms of DKA include:

In rare occasions, DKA can occur in people with type 2 diabetes, but the more common complication for people with type 2 is called hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state, or HHS. HHS occurs when blood glucose levels are high for an extended period of time. The extra sugar is passed into the urine, causing the person to urinate frequently and become severely dehydrated, just like with DKA.

For people with type 2 diabetes, blood sugar above 600 mg/dL indicates HHS. Other symptoms include:

These symptoms generally come on slowly, but you should contact your doctor immediately. In the ER, doctors will likely use insulin to lower your blood sugar, as well as give you fluid and electrolytes, to keep your heart, kidneys, muscles, and nerve cells functioning properly.

For people with diabetes, a single instance of high blood sugar is generally not an emergency, as long as it is addressed. Usually, taking an extra dose of insulin will quickly lower your blood sugar back to normal levels. However, if you are on insulin and run out, or have symptoms of DKA or HHS, you should get medical attention right away.

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August 14th, 2020 at 11:53 pm

Being healthier is not all about the exercise food counts too – The Northern Echo

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Few, if any people will have complete physical, mental and social wellbeing all the time. Trevor Smith, senior member of the Chartered Institute for the Management of Sport and Physical Activity, will join us every week to talk about health and wellbeing

For the last few weeks, we have been discussing ways in which we can help our bodies to be healthy and boost our immune system. Last week we specifically looked at the new Better Health campaign from the government, which aims to support as many people as possible to lose weight and develop a healthier lifestyle.

Consequently, I thought this week it would be prudent to discuss some of the basics surrounding nutrition, as it is not just being physically active that contributes to a healthier body and mind.

Your body needs lots of different nutrients, from a variety of sources, and in unique amounts. When you hear the word diet, do you immediately think of being hungry and depriving yourself of your favourite foods? I believed this for a long time too. For years there was always the latest fad diet going around at work. Usually the fad diets ask you to cut out a major food group such as carbohydrates or proteins. These can be ill-advised, and care must be taken. There may well be an initial weight loss, however, this is rarely sustained and as soon as the missing food group is returned to the normal daily food intake, the weight that was initially lost does normally return.

Trevor Smith, Chartered Institute for the Management of Sport and Physical Activity

I do not think it will come as a shock to anyone when I say that unfortunately, there are no quick fixes for natural weight loss. A healthy, balanced diet with regular exercise is still the best way to maintain a healthy weight or to facilitate natural weight loss of approximately 2 lbs per week.

When I decide to improve my food choices, and I usually end up doing this in January after the Christmas break, what I find works for me is I also use smaller plates. When dishing up your meals you will usually and unconsciously make the portion size appropriate to the plate you are using. Therefore, if you are using a smaller plate and make your portion size appropriate to that plate then you are already consuming less food.

Our body does some of the most wonderous things without us even knowing it. Our food and drink choices can help the body to continue to function effectively or they can hinder it. To give an example, did you know that some types of cancer can occur due to a lack of fibre in the diet? Heart attacks can occur when someone is carrying too much weight, especially around the waist. Arthritis and joint problems can become worse if you are carrying excess weight and high blood pressure (which can lead to a stroke) can occur if there is too much salt in the diet. This is not intended as a scare tactic rather this is information that we should all be aware of. So how can we act to guard against these illnesses? It is all down to the food choices we make.

There are five main food groups but let us just look at the two biggest ones today.

Fruits and vegetables (where you get most of the essential vitamins and minerals). We should aim to eat at least five portions of these every day. It is easier than you think:

Simply add some fruit to your breakfast cereal (I have started doing this and found I stay full for much longer).

Snack on fruit or vegetables (such as carrots or cucumber for example).

Have a side salad with a main meal or on the side of a sandwich.

Add vegetables into a sauce for example bolognaise.

Starchy Carbohydrates (rice, pasta, potatoes, cereals, oats). These should account for about half of your daily diet. Choose wholegrain or high fibre options with less added fat, salt and sugar. Sugars are classed as carbohydrates. Be careful, sucrose (the sugar you might put into your cup of tea) is very easily converted to body fat. It gives your body a quick energy burst followed by a rapid drop in blood sugar levels. This leaves you feeling tired, listless, and hungry. On the other hand, the complex carbohydrates release the energy into your blood stream at a much slower rate meaning you feel fuller for longer and your blood sugar levels remain stable.

This Weeks Challenge:

Considering this weeks information, I would like you to keep a food diary for one week. This will give you an overview to see how much of each food group you are eating. What changes do you need to make, if any, to ensure that your diet is well balanced? Only you choose what you eat, so make every mouthful count.

Share your healthy meals and recipes on Twitter with us @TheNorthernEcho and @TSmith_PE

Trevor Smiths works at Premier Education. He is a senior member of the Chartered Institute for the Management of Sport and Physical Activity

Read more:
Being healthier is not all about the exercise food counts too - The Northern Echo

Written by admin

August 14th, 2020 at 11:53 pm

Posted in Nutrition


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